№ 104. Terminology that thoroughly annoys me




This website doubtless includes many examples of confirmation bias, selection bias, pareidolia, or apophenia. This is always the case with the pioneers of thought; we make mistakes. But if you think the entirety of this website can be so summarized, I will gladly be your madman




Confirmation Bias


Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that affirms one’s prior beliefs or hypotheses. It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning. People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. The effect is stronger for desired outcomes, for emotionally charged issues, and for deeply-entrenched beliefs.  –Wikipedia, Confirmation bias



Let’s be honest; “Confirmation bias” is a polite term for at least mildly insane. If this website is confirmation bias, then I have raised confirmation bias to a fine art


The 23 enigma can be viewed as an example of apopheniaselection bias, and confirmation bias. In interviews, Wilson acknowledged the self-fulfilling nature of the 23 enigma, implying that the real value of the Law of Fives and the 23 enigma is in their demonstration of the mind’s ability to perceive “truth” in nearly anything.

When you start looking for something you tend to find it. This wouldn’t be like Simon Newcomb, the great astronomer, who wrote a mathematical proof that heavier than air flight was impossible and published it a day before the Wright brothers took off. I’m talking about people who found a pattern in nature and wrote several scientific articles and got it accepted by a large part of the scientific community before it was generally agreed that there was no such pattern, it was all just selective perception.

In the Illuminatus! Trilogy, Wilson expresses the same view, saying that one can find numerological significance in anything, provided that one has “sufficient cleverness.”   —Wikipedia, 23 enigma




Selection Bias


Selection bias is the bias introduced by the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.[1] It is sometimes referred to as the selection effect. The phrase “selection bias” most often refers to the distortion of a statistical analysis, resulting from the method of collecting samples. If the selection bias is not taken into account, then some conclusions of the study may be false.  –Wikipedia, Selection bias








From rationalwiki.com’s definition of Pareidolia. I don’t cuss much on this website, but I’m losing my patience It’s a fucking face. That it’s not a human face is understood. Get a life!


Here is the definition of pareidolia from Wikipedia.


Pareidolia (/pærɪˈdliə/ parr-i-DOH-lee-ə) is the tendency to interpret a vague stimulus as something known to the observer, such as seeing shapes in clouds, seeing faces in inanimate objects or abstract patterns, or hearing hidden messages in music. Pareidolia can be considered a subcategory of apophenia. –Wikipedia, Pareidolia






















Apophenia (chicken on the left) versus Pareidolia (the dead chicken on the right) Credit diplopi



Apophenia (/æpoʊˈfiːniə/) is the tendency to mistakenly perceive connections and meaning between unrelated things.[1] The term (German: Apophänie) was coined by psychiatrist Klaus Conrad in his 1958 publication on the beginning stages of schizophrenia. He defined it as “unmotivated seeing of connections [accompanied by] a specific feeling of abnormal meaningfulness”. He described the early stages of delusional thought as self-referential, over-interpretations of actual sensory perceptions, as opposed to hallucinations. –Wikipedia, Apophenia


Apophenia is admitted delusional, but pareidolia can kill you


…the tendency to see patterns that do not actually exist are called apophenia, defined as the unmotivated seeing of connections accompanied by a specific experience of an abnormal meaningfulness, while the misperception of patterns in random data is called pareidolia, where a common human experience is to perceive faces in inanimate objects.  –diplopi, Apophenia vs Pareidolia