Fake News (of Sunspots)
This is a placeholder for a new section that will require more research
No, I am not actually suggesting that NASA is faking SDO:HMI imagery, but as these recent examples make clear, the methodology used in sunspot counting has radially changed since the Little Ice Age.
The Active Sun from SDO: HMI Dopplergram
The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) observes the Sun with many different instruments, in many different wavelengths of light. Many of these capabilities are not possible for ground-based observatories – hence the need for a space-based observing platform.
The Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory takes a series of images every 45 seconds in a very narrow range of wavelengths in visible light of the solar photosphere… — NASA