№ 29. Magnetohydrodynamics, Expanding Earth, and the coming Earth Crustal Displacement

PAGE STATUS: Aggregate page. It has taken forever to bring this page into focus. Right now the content is a train wreck of sections from all over the place. Obviously, this page has never been edited as a whole. The page title no longer refers to an “axial tilt” because I no longer have any doubts whatsoever that what happens is an Earth crustal displacement. Einstein understood nothing about the electromagnetic universe and therefore had no concept of magnetohydrodynamics. So what he thought on the subject does not matter. What does matter is that an actual “axial tilt” (a change in the inclination of the planet) is all but physically impossible. Therefore, any evidence of pole shifts in the past, of which there is plenty, must be considered as evidence of an Earth crustal displacement, though I maintain my argument that for someone on the surface of the planet there is no difference. It’s either going to kill you or look and feel like an axial tilt. Still, I am determined to quit the use of “axial tilt” on this website. 
LAST UPDATE: September 13, 2020





An Earth Crustal Displacement versus an Axial Tilt: What’s the Difference?

See alsoASL. The Adam and Eve Story by Chan Thomas

The idea of an Earth crustal displacement was first proposed by Charles Hapgood in his 1958 book entitled The Earth’s Shifting Crust.  I will assume the reader’s familiarity with this subject, or else their willingness to research it on their own. A few good YouTube videos should suffice.

What is the difference between an earth crustal displacement and an axial tilt? I do not engage in this discussion for the simple reason that, from the perspective of someone on the surface of the planet, there is no difference between the two.

Both result in super tsunamis, mega-earthquakes, and unimaginable loss of life. For example, the following two paragraphs from Chapter IX, “Axis Shifted” in Immanuel Velikovsky’s Earth in Upheaval are oft quoted in books, magazine articles, and websites:

Let us assume, as a working hypothesis, that under the impact of a force or the influence of an agent – and the Earth does not travel in an empty universe – the axis of the earth shifted or tilted. At that moment an earthquake would make the globe shudder. Air and water would continue to move through inertia; hurricanes would sweep the Earth, and the seas would rush over continents, carrying gravel and sand and marine animals, and casting them onto land. Heat would be developed, rocks would melt, volcanoes would erupt, lava would flow from fissures in the ruptured ground and cover vast areas. Mountains would spring up from the plains and would climb and travel upon the shoulders of other mountains, causing faults and rifts. Lakes would be tilted and emptied, rivers would change their beds; large land areas and all their inhabitants would slip under the sea. Forests would burn, and the hurricanes and wild seas would wrest them from the ground on which they grew and pile them, branch and root, in heaps. Seas would turn into deserts, their waters rolling away.

And if the change in the velocity of the diurnal rotation [slowing the planet down] should accompany the shifting of the axis, the water confined to the equatorial oceans by centrifugal force would retreat to the poles, and high tides and hurricanes would rush from pole to pole, carrying reindeers and seals to the tropics and desert lions to the Arctic, moving from the equator up to the mountain ridges of the Himalayas and down the African jungles; and crumbled rocks torn from splintering mountains would be scattered over large distances; and herds of animals would be washed from the plains of Siberia. The shifting of the axis would change the climate in every place, leaving corals in Newfoundland and elephants in Alaska, fig trees in northern Greenland and luxuriant forests in Antarctica. In the event of a rapid shift of the axis, many species and genera of animals on land and in the sea would be destroyed, and civilizations, if any, would be reduced to ruins. [red-bold emphasis added]

Rand and Rose Flem-Ath are to Charles Hapgood what David Talbott is to Immanuel Velikovsky. Their work has championed his theory, once acknowledged by no less than Albert Einstein, of an Earth crustal displacement. To a lesser extent, parts or all of the following paragraphs from their 1996 book In Search of Atlantis are also often quoted in works on the subject. Now compare Velikovsky’s above discussion of an axial tilt to the following description of an Earth crustal displacement they imagined happen during what I usually describe as the 9500 BC event.

…[the 9500 BC event] left other evidence of its deadly visit in a ring of death around the globe. All the continents that experience rapid and massive extinctions of animal species (notably the Americas and Siberia) underwent massive changes in their latitudes…

The consequences of the displacement are monumental. The earth’s crust ripples over its interior and the world is shaken by incredible quakes and floods. They sky appears to fall as continents groan and shift position. Deep in the ocean, earthquakes generate massive tidal waves which crash against the coastlines, flooding them. Some lands shift to warmer climes, while others, propelled into polar zones, suffer the direst of winters. Melting ice caps raise the ocean’s level higher and higher. All living things must adapt, migrate or die…

If the horror of an earth-crust displacement were to be visited upon today’s interdependent world the progress of thousands of years of civilization would be torn away from our planet like a fine cobweb. Those who live near high mountains might escape the global tidal waves, but they would be forced to leave behind, in the lowlands, the slowly constructed fruits of civilization. [red-bold emphasis added]

There is no difference. Hence, whenever I discuss this subject, if I refer to an “axial tilt,” you may interpret it to mean an Earth crustal shift if you are so inclined. My only objection to doing so is that Hapgood argued that the latter occur over a 5,000 year period, or longer. This I find to be contrary to the evidence of what happened in 9500 BC. It is notable that Rand and Rose Flem-Ath disagree with him on this most important point. None of these people were geologists, but the evidence such as the muck deposits in Alaska make it perfectly clear that these were cataclysmic events, not gradual over thousands of year of time.

Alaskan “muck” (catastrophic deposits) from page 57 of Cataclysm! Compelling Evidence of a Cosmic Catastrophe in 9500 BC by D.S. Allan & J.B. Delair

This picture is from Part One, Section 14, “Turmoil Unleashed.” For a historian, Charles Hapgood made a far greater contribution to the body of knowledge than his formally trained geologist contemporaries, but he is just plain wrong about the duration of time it takes for one of these axial tilts (or Earth crustal displacements) to occur. They are catastrophic. Note also that nothing on this page has anything to do with the uniformitarian-bias term “true” polar wander.




St. Peter’s Square: The World’s Most Conspicuous Gnomon

See also 66.6° is the Complementary Angle of 23.4°

Question: Why did the Vatican install a gnomon in St. Peter’s Square?

Answer: Because of Noah’s secret. You will have two or three days before the megatsunamis arrive. Right now, someone is watching the tip of the shadow cast by the ancient Egyptian obelisk all during the day. It’s location is precisely marked every morning as a means of checking if there has been an axial tilt during the night



In 1817 circular stones were set to mark the tip of the obelisk’s shadow at noon as the sun entered each of the signs of the zodiac, making the obelisk a gigantic sundial’s gnomon. ﹣Wikipedia

The obelisk was originally erected at Heliopolis, Egypt

It seems obvious that the east-west axis of the Basilica was intended to face the rising sun at the equinoxes i.e. due east. But if so, the alignment is not exact, for it deviates some 2 degrees towards the north (azimuth 358 degrees). However, when later Bernini set out the Piazza, he corrected this error and made sure that the east-west axis of the piazza was aligned precisely due east (azimuth 360 degrees).

The centre of the square is marked by an Egyptian obelisk, which was erected there in 1568 after being transported from Egypt to Rome in 37 AD. Here, Bernini turns the obelisk into the gnomon (or pointer) of a sundial, which accurately indicates midday and the two solstices together with a marble line and markers embedded in the pavement of the square.


St. Peter's Square, Rome

View of the Piazza di San Pietro (or St. Peter’s Square)  looking east from the top of the Basilica was constructed between 1656 and 1667

The obelisk is known as “The Witness” and has a “total height, including base and the cross on top, of 40 metres (130 ft)” (Wikipedia).

is thought to have stood witness to the crucifixion of Saint Peter


Bernini made the fountain appear to be one of the foci of the ovato tondo[6]



Robert Bauval has a wonderful article on this subject for background information entitled Under the Pope’s Nose. Many of the images in this section are borrowed from that article. Please read it before continuing. Bauval is making the point that the design of St. Peter’s Basilica



[Note: The obelisk was also later used as a gnomon. The elongation of the shadow it cast at noon at various times of the year was marked on the ground with white marble round slabs inscribed with the months of the year. The shortest shadow, which marks the summer solstice, is denoted as ‘Cancer’ 22 June i.e. the sun reaching the ‘Tropic of Cancer’ (in real-sky astronomy this would date the site to epoch c. 1500 BC to 1AD. At the time Bernini designed the Piazza, 1656-1667, the true summer solstice was in Gemini. It is now in Taurus since 2000, and will move into Ares in c. 4650, based on IAU boundaries].

the entrance of Saint Peter’s colonnade is corresponding to the azimuth spanned by the sunrise on the year

sunrise at the Vatican

Saint Peter’s Basilica and Square are perfectly aligned along East-West cardinal direction

the square is perfectly aligned to cardinal directions

such a cardinal orientation of architectures allows alignments to sunrise and sunset on solstices too.


Much like the genealogies in Genesis in which people live to be exactly 130 years old, the top of the oblique was changed so that it is now exactly 130 feet tall. The emphasis here is on the number 13, which has great significance to the progeny of Jove.





A contributor named Rolf B 66.6 ̊N who I regrettably never heard from again sent me a full copy of The Adam and Eve Story written by Dr. Chan Thomas which I discuss on page № 89. Dr. Chan Thomas author of the CIA classified “The Adam and Eve Story”. He signed that ever so brief email thusly,


Magnetohydrodynamics are the key…


I suspect this man was highly intelligent.







Apparently our solar system is entering an area of space in our 26,000-year binary dance with the Sirius star system in which with great regularity the outer core and outer mantle become liquid enough to account for the missing force of Einstein and our planet experiences what has become popularly known as an earth crust displacement. I prefer axial tilt because that is how it is remembered and for someone on the surface there is no difference. Let us just pray Dr. Thomas was wrong about the “thousand mile-per-hour wind.” If he is not, our chances of surviving on the surface are slim to nil. I think he is mistaken about this.

I want to end this discussion by mentioning the Russians who I hold in the greatest of esteem (I live with a Russian Jew). They also see in the data streams from the two Voyager probes evidence that our solar system is headed into a highly unusual area of the galaxy at an estimated “230 km/s (828,000 km/h) or 143 mi/s (514,000 mph).” –Wikipedia, Galactic year. I will leave it as an exercise for the reader to compute how far we will travel between now and what the so-called “prophets” of the Old Testament call the “day of our Lord.” The truth is that someone remembers. I call that someone the progeny of Jove.

For the sake of completeness, here








The outer metallic core is liquid






Magnetohydrodynamics in “The Adam and Eve Story” by Dr. Chan Thomas

A well known author recently sent me a link to a video made by the mysterious Rolf B. I was glad to receive it. In the intervening years since I originally heard from the mysterious Rofl B,  I have come to intuitively realize that this subject is key to understanding what is about to happen to our planet.

The video is a series of eight screens. I have made copies of each screen to make them easier to read. I am also going to add commentary to help the reader understand what Rolf B is saying with each screen.

Trigger for crustal displacement, The Adam and Eve story – “Sanitized” version vs 1993 full version from the Rolf B YouTube channel

As you can see in the section entitled CIA Sanitized Copy of The Adam and Eve Story on page № 90. Dr. Chan Thomas author of the CIA classified “The Adam and Eve Story”, “Sanitized” is not the invention of Rolf B. It is on every copy downloaded form the CIA.gov website.  Rolf B is just rather poetically suggesting that removing all references to magnetohydrodynamics in “The Adam and Eve Story” by Dr. Chan Thomas is insane.




Expanding Earth

The evidence for this is deep rifts or chasms (commonly referred to as earth cracks), sinkholes, and disappearing bodies of water. Why is this happening now?

Expanding Earth? New theory on how Earth’s tectonic plates may have formed

What happened to all the expanding earth stuff???

There are four reasons why this is happening now.

  2. 5,100 PLUS YEARS OF MATTER FROM SPACE: Matter from space in many different forms (including the sunlight that results in photosynthesis) is accreting on the surface of the planet every single day
  5. THE SIRIUS STAR SYSTEM: The Sirius star system has crossed over some invisible threshold and is beginning to disturb the entire solar system. Earth is expanding now in part because of the approach of the gravitational behemoth Sirius






Deep Rifts or Chasms (a.k.a. “Earth Cracks”), Sinkholes, and Disappearing Bodies of Water

Deep Rifts or Chasms (a.k.a. “Earth Cracks”) and Sinkholes are Appearing Everywhere. Why Now? Earth is Expanding. The evidence for this is deep rifts or chasms (commonly referred to as earth cracks), sinkholes, and disappearing bodies of water. Why is this happening now? The answer to this question can be found on page № 18. Earth is Expanding (the definition of hell).

Giant crack appears in the foothills of Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming (credit The Watchers)



July 7, 2019: Giant cracks in the ground appear in Mojave Desert near the epicenters of California latest two major earthquakes



Giant crack appears in the foothills of Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming (credit The Watchers)

There is some spectacular new evidence of these chasms in the most recent “SOTT Earth Changes” release for December, 2018.

“SOTT Earth Changes Summary – December 2018: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs” from the Sott Media channel


Asteroids alone add over 11,000 tons of rock per day to earth’s crust. Most of them burn up in the atmosphere, but their dust falls to the earth. That’s over four million tons a year or four billion tons every century or four trillion tons every millennium. To that meteoric dust, you must add photosynthesis, the constant barrage of plasma from the sun entering earth’s atmosphere through the poles (i.e. the Aurora Borealis), and galactic cosmic rays (GCR).  Of course the earth is expanding over billions of years. How could it be otherwise?


About 25 million meteors enter the Earth’s atmosphere every day (duck!). Most burn up and about 1 million kilograms of dust per day settles to the Earth’s surface. The most common meteorites are chondrites, which are stony meteorites.  —From the University of Oregon


SKY FALL Huge fireballs fall from space each year – as 40 MILLION kilos [44,092 US tones] of ‘extra-terrestrial’ material plummets to Earth annually


See also The Watchers: Earth Cracks


The crust is destabilizing because magma is working its way to the surface all over the planet. This is because of what happens during interglacials; earth’s core heats up, then magma burst through all over the planet. This is beginning to happen right now. This process over hundreds of millions and billions of years is how the earth gradually expands in response to the endless barrage of asteroids, plasma, galactic cosmic rays (GCR), and sunlight (photosynthesis). We know this is starting to happen because there are fissures opening up all over the world and volcanic activity is at an unprecedented level. Soon it will become apocalyptic.

Isaiah 24:18-19 (“Isaiah’apocalypsese“)
…the foundations of the earth do shake. The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly

Sinkholes are part of this phenomena. So are all the disappearing lakes and rivers all over the earth. The crust is cracking in the ocean, too. That is why there is an increasing number of reports of “missing” oceans.

I was and still am surprised at how difficult it has been to find a good YouTube compilation of what are now being called “earth cracks.” Overlooking the awkward name, the following one entitled “Something is Trying to Escape from Under the Earth” from the On Point Preparedness YouTube channel is by far the best compilation I could find, at least up until 4:19 minutes into the video. At that point, he gets religiously weird for 1:25 minutes after which he offers some more realistic possibilities as to why this is happening.

I admire John Casey, but not his 206-year cycle. The shortest cycle of destruction I have identified is 36 orbits of Jupiter, which is 427 years. 36 orbits of Jupiter ago was 1591 which marked the onset of the Little Ice Age in terms of the extreme drop in solar activity which preceded the temperature drop.



Something much bigger is happening though. What can account for all of this? As a species, we understand the oceans are a huge heat sink that operates on their own time scale, but what we fail to realize is that the entire planet is also a heat sink that likewise operates on its own time scale.

Earth is expanding in response to the extreme solar activity of the Modern Maximum, which peaked in 1958 and exceeded anything seen over the past 10,000 years. The core of our planet is overheated. Consequently, the crust is destabilizing. The frequency of earth cracks, sinkholes, disappearing rivers, lakes, and even oceans is on the rise.

The producer of this video is right to associate these “earth cracks” with the end times. The crust is destabilizing. This will not stop. It will only get worse. Well-meaning scientists are offering different explanations, but the fact remains that these cracks are appearing all over the world. Scan the results of this YouTube search for “cracks in the earth” to see for yourself.

The is NO Planet Nine (or  Nibiru), but the following “Where is all the water disappearing to? Major bodies of water vanishing globally!” video from the Planet Nibiru YouTube channel is otherwise the best compilation I have found to date on this subject:

This phenomenon continues on a nearly daily basis

Subscribe to the End Times Signs YouTube channel (highly recommended). They include earth cracks all the time.

Giant cracks in the ground appear in Mojave Desert near the epicenters of California latest two major earthquakes


Early Evidence an Electromagnetic Disturbance in the Solar System

These subsections discuss what I believe to be precursors for an magnetohydrodynamically induced Earth crustal displacement.


Magnetic Pole Wandering and potential Reversal

There are a number of people who think the geomagnetic reversal causes an axial tilt.  One thing we know for sure is that the North Magnetic Pole rapidly migrating toward Siberia

Scientists explain magnetic pole’s wanderings

Review Diehold Foundtion videos in particular his cycles (careful this guy may just be nuts)



‘Only 300 miles left till 40 degrees zero point heads up.” from the maverickstar reloaded channel





Russian Chelyabinsk meteor

Russian Chelyabinsk meteor

Asteroid Flybys and Fireballs: The Canary in our Celestial Coal Mine


We know the Sirius star system is approaching our solar system because the misnamed “precession of the equinoxes” is speeding up. At some point, it crosses an invisible threshold beyond which our solar system begins to destabilize. Long before the orbits of the rocky planets change orbits when the solar system reconfigures itself, this manifests itself in the orbits of the much smaller rocks we call asteroids and comets.

The Watchers Near-Earth Objects (for daily monitoring of flybys under one lunar distance)
SOTT.net Fire in the Sky (for daily monitoring of meteorites)
Wikipedia List of asteroid close approaches to Earth in 2018

5¢ terminology lecture…
asteroid = comet = rocks hurdling through space
fireballs (headlines) = meteorites (the technical term)


Only a god-damned fool would think a snowball could survive a close approach to the sun. As far as I know, this is the only time on the entire website I cussed


In case you don’t know, a meteorite is the name given to asteroids after they enter earth’s atmosphere and begin to burn up. But the more common name for these is fireballs. The intensity of fireballs is steadily increasing. This and the huge coronal holes on the sun (see my article entitled Solar modulation of galactic cosmic ray flux on the wane? Something extraordinary is happening) are two of the most underreported phenomenon in the world today. Perhaps if you fully understood the significance of this increase is meteors or fireballs entering earth atmosphere you might also understand why I just shake my head when I occasionally check Huffington Post to see what mainstream media is talking about.

Smaller rocks (meteorites)are entering Earth’s atmosphere (“fireballs”) on a nearly daily basis now, that what we are witnessing here is the start of something truly apocalyptic in nature. It is possible that the Sirius star system has passed some magical line after which it’s gravitational influence extends to our solar system. Again, this would be evident in the orbital paths of small rocks first, but cold eventual extend to the larger rocks, such as our planet. That is to say, what we are witnessing now may culminate in an axial tilt. I maintain that this is what the ancients are screaming at us, from the interior design of the Great Pyramid to the thoroughly discredited, so-called “Mayan” calendar.

We live on a defective planet. It is too close to the gravitational behemoth Sirius. The inhabitants of our planet have no memory of the past because it is routinely destroyed. We ignore the warnings of our predecessors at great peril. Daniel, Christ Jesus, Virgil, all of the “ancients” are saying the same thing. Some great catastrophe is about to happen.


I know this is stating the obvious, the thought behind these posts on The Watchers. My reason for stating the obvious is that, if this is the beginning of something bigger, it is further proof that there is no Planet Nine (or any of the other names given to the belief that there is another large planet in the solar system). As NASA repeatedly states, were such a planet responsible for these asteroid flybys and the increase in meteorites, it would be visible by now. It is not.



But before the “Day of the Lord” when you will first hear the distant rumble of this unimaginably huge tsunami wave, the orbits of smaller rocks (asteroids and comets) will be disturbed by the very same electromagnet and gravitational disturbance that will eventuate in an axial tilt. This is already in evidence. Practically every day now there are reports of bright “fireballs” and near-miss asteroids passing between the earth and moon (at less than one “lunar distance”). Why? Is this simply a matter of more eyes, more cameras to witness something that has been happening forever? No! This is a real increase. Because of there smaller size, the orbits of asteroids and comets are the first to feel the effect of this electromagnet and gravitational disturbance. For the purposes of this discussion, the “planets” are just bigger rocks. Eventually, the same electromagnet and gravitational disturbance will cause our planet to tilt. It may also cause the entire solar system to reconfigure itself once again.




Artist’s impression of ʻOumuamua (credit Wikipedia)

Not one, but two Interstellar Objects











Near-Earth Objects in the News




November 22, 2019: New Analysis Just Changed The Original Date of a Massive Meteorite Crater in Australia

November 19, 2019: NASA tracking THREE asteroids headed this way, two spotted just 2 days ago

November 16, 2022: NASA Reveals Date When Asteroid the Size of the Great Pyramid of Giza Could Hit Earth (an interesting size comparison)

November 4, 2019: Two in two days: Another meteor fireball seen over Southern California

October 8, 2019: Asteroid swarm: Nasa detects 16 space rocks hurtling towards Earth this week






Sprites: Is Earth Electrically Discharging?

prevalence of

Image result for elves. sprites, and blue nuns
Red SpritesBlue Jets and Elves


Red sprites were a rare phenomena up until a little while ago. Now they are caught on film all the time. Given the following comments about red sprites from a Thunderbolts Project™ video, the implication is that an electromagnetic connection from earth to some other planet or star has significantly increased in recent times.


Birkeland Currents and Our Electric Solar System | Space News” (at4:25 minutes) video from the ThunderboltsProject YouTube channel:

While showing a picture of red sprites says (at 0:58 minutes), “In recent years, with improved technology has come ever finer evidence of tremendous electric currents that are connected to previously unknown phenomena.”

red sprites





August 17, 2019: Large numbers of red sprites in the skies over Europe this summer





Who Measures the Obliquity of the Ecliptic (ε), otherwise known as the Axial Tilt?



…the obliquity of the ecliptic is not a fixed quantity. At present, it is decreasing at a rate of about 47″ per century.  –Wikipedia, Axial Tilt


Today, on September 9, 2019 at noon, Earth’s axial tilt, or mean obliquity was 23.43672° or 23°26’12.2″. Earth’s mean obliquity today is about 0.00001°, or 0.04″, less than 30 days ago.


0.00012 = 1 year

0.0012 = 10 years

0.012 = 100 years

0.024 = 200 years

0.048 = 400 years

0.06 = 500 years

0.072 = 600 years







Research Notes


In the legends of the Tahoe (California) Indians, for instance, we read of the strife:“There was a time when their tribe possessed the whole Earth and were strong and numerous,and rich; but a day came when a people rose up stronger than they and defeated and enslaved them. Afterward the Great Spirit sent an immense wave across the continent from the sea, and this wave engulfed both the oppressors and the oppressed, all but a very small remnant”


From Plato’s Timaeus:

In one day and one fatal night, there came mighty earthquakes and inundations that engulfed that warlike peoples. The people, terrified, could hardly breathe…mouths were drenched in blood, heads wallowed in blood…The face was made pale by the Evil Wind.


From Plato’s Critias:

This vast power, gathered into one, endeavored to subdue with a blow our country and yoursand the whole of the region…then, Solon, your country shone forth, in the excellence of her virtue and strength among all mankind. She was preeminent in military skill and was the leader of the Hellenes…she defeated and triumphed over the invaders and preserved from slavery those who were not yet subjugated, and generously liberated all the rest of us who dwell between the Pillars. But afterwards, occurred violent earthquakes and floods and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike men in a body sank into the Earth and the Island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of the sea.





Tim Cullen: Planetary Axial Tilt Demystified



(was gathering information source for previous pole shifts)

Earth Crust Displacement

Velikovsky in Collision




Orientation of Pyramids to Former North Poles

Conclusion: Where’s the Body?

Chapter 49 – The Power of the Thing

The Earth Has More Than One North Pole







Earth Crust Displacement

Google Searches:


(relate to Noah’s Secret section)

Cataclysmic pole shift hypothesis



There are also two references to the “day of God” in the New Testament. One is included because it is closely bound to one of the “day of the Lord” quotes. Likewise, there are four references to the “day of wrath” (as opposed to the day of His wrath” above). One is included because it is closely bound to one of the “day of the Lord” uses. The other three are excluded because they add nothing to the discussion. The list goes on. There are ten references to the “day of trouble” but they have been excluded because of a lack of specificity, though I believe at least two or three of them may be equivalent to the “day of the Lord.” There are numerous others such as the “day of destruction” that are used infrequently. Some are included because they are closely bound to a “day oft he Lord.” Others are not.  I have deliberately excluded all references to the “day of the Lord Jesus,” “day of our Lord Jesus Christ,” and the “day of Christ Jesus” as well as to the “day of judgment” because I am not at all sure they mean the same thing, thou at least one of them clearly does.