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What is the basic unit of time measurement used in the design of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar? On the surface it appears to be days because a Baktun consists of 144,000 days, but this calendar encodes some of the most guarded information in the history of mankind. Nothing is on the surface. The designers included what I call an “anti-cipher” though, so that one could be sure the actual unit of measurement is the orbital period of Jupiter, which for us is 11.8618 years. I do not mean to suggest that the orbital period of Jupiter has changed since the calendar was designed, but the length of a year most certainly has changed since then. This is a critical point.
- There exist here the potential for serious drift, as much as three years in one Great Cycle according to Carl Munck as discussed in Carl Munck on The Length of a Mayan Year. However, by his own estimate Carl Munck’s 325.020081 day year is from the time of the Great Pyramid building. It considerably predates the design of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. And nowadays the drift in the length of a year is minuscule.
Days as a Unit of Time
On the surface of things, it would appear that the designers of the calendars decided on days, or the rotation of the Earth around its axis, as the basic unit of time measurement. There are 144,000 days in a Baktun. This avoids the problem of a change in Earth’s orbital period (discussed below), but is highly problematic. The main problem is that as a unit of measurement, it is too small. You would not measure a football field in inches, so why would you measure a Great Cycle or Age in days? Using too small a unit of measurement compounds errors. The are stellar or sidereal days (the time it takes for Earth to complete one rotation with respect to the stars), solar days (the time it takes for Earth to complete one rotation with respect to our Sun), and civil days (86,400 seconds). The difference can be as much as four minutes, which over thousands of years is significant. In fact, over one “Great Cycle” or “Age” the difference is (13 Baktuns x 144,000) 1,872,000 “days” times a four minute difference for each day is 7,488,000 minutes, which is (7,488,000 ÷ 60) 124,800 hours or (124,800 ÷ 24) 5,200 “days,” which is more than (5200 ÷ 365.25) 14 years.
It is inherently insane to think that the designers of this calendar would rely on either the rotation of the Earth around its axis or the orbital period of Earth around the Sun to measure vast periods of time.
Is the choice between stellar or sidereal days, solar, or civil days an obvious one? I don’t think so. Stellar or sidereal measurements are arguably the most ancient. Solar is the most logical. Civil involves the sacred number 864. Would the ancients take such a chance with the most sacred knowledge of all time? Would they not find a more reliable timepiece with which to measure such vast periods of time?
Years as a Unit of Time
The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar does not use years as a unit of time measurement and for good reason. As a unit of measurement, Earth’s orbital period is unreliable. According to Jno Cook, who is surpassed only by David Talbott in advancing the work of Immanuel Velikovsky, in an update of “Chapter 23: Destructions by Mars” in his remarkable work Recovering the Lost World, “Mars caused a disturbance of the Earth’s orbit on February 26th, 747 BC,” changing the length of a year from 360 to 365.25 days. The designers of this calendar therefore most certainly knew that the orbital period of the Earth around the Sun was unreliable. They also knew that Venus and Mars were comets long before they settled down into their current planetary orbital paths. The simple fact of the matter is that they undoubtedly knew, certainly more so than we do, that the inner solar system consisting of the rocky planets is inherently unstable.
Over the millennia the length of a year varies, considerably more so than modern, mainstream science thinks. And there is proof of this. See Carl Munck and The Length of a Mayan Year below for further discussion.
The Zodiac as a Unit of Measurement
Many people imagine that the ancients used the constellations, which I will refer to here as the Zodiac, as a unit of time measurement for vast periods of time. If you are trying to date when the Sphinx was built, such a timepiece may be useful. But for something as exact as the end of the Modern Maximum to within a month, which is what the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar clearly achieved, using the Zodiac is very problematic for the simple reason that the inner solar system is inherently unstable. Changes in the orbital period of Earth and axial tilts cause slight variations in the precise location of the rising (or setting) Sun on the vernal equinox. Using a clock analogy, the hour hand may be reliable using the Zodiac, but the minute hand could be easily broken. How then could the ancients reliably measure time over thousands of years?
Jose Solar Cycles
If days are unreliable, why are there 144,000 days in a Baktun? This is indeed an important question. 144 is a sacred number found in no less than the Book of Revelation (which I sincerely believe was written by the Phrygians and inserted into the Bible). I think it is largely symbolic. Quite possibly it is a reference to what we now call the Jose solar cycle (best thought of as the basic motion of the Sun around the solar system barycenter). The barycenter would not substantially change as the result of the solar system rearrangement. The movement of the Sun around the solar system barycenter (the “Jose” solar cycle) is thus the single-most reliable timepiece in our solar system.
In what Gray Stevens describes on his Jupiter’s Dance website as “a sort of Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Universe moment,” he suggests that there are 144 Jose solar cycles in the calendar:
Which brings me to the long count, the 5125.257 year Mayan calendar, ending according to archaeologists around December 21st 2012, the culmination of the fifth period of a larger 25526.3 year calendar. Troubling is the Mayan assertion that this period coincides with a new Sun and the end of the world as we know it by earthquake.
This would be easy to brush aside as ancient myth until one realises [sic] that the 25526.3 cycle which the Mayans so elaborately designed can be divided by the 177.925 year sunspot cycle exactly 144 times. A sort of Hitchhiker’s Guide To The Universe moment.
Gray Stevens, www.jupitersdance.com (accessed 10 September 2017)
There is a problem with this quote. Gary Stevens even so much as acknowledges this on another one of his pages entitled “The Final Waltz” when he references Paul D. Jose’s paper “Sun’s Motion and Sunspots” (1965) and gives the correct 178.7 year duration of Jose’s solar cycle. He is “force fitting” the Jose Solar Cycle into the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. I maintain this force fitting arriving at (25621.488 ÷ 144) 177.927 years in my Basic Structure of the Mesoamerican (Mayan) Long Count calendar. Why? There are multiple reasons. The first is out of respect for Gray Stevens. Despite all his foibles (not the least of which is that he completely overlooks the point that Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) are triggering the large earthquakes even though he provides the some of the best evidence for this), it is because of him that I realized there must be some other basic unit of measurement for the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. But there are other reasons. I Charvátová and others have advanced Paul D. Jose’s work, but I think the importance of this basic motion of the Sun around the solar system’s barycenter has been for some strange reason deliberately overlooked by mainstream science. Certainly there is a dearth of papers on the subject. Doubtless this has something to do with the popular insanity that the Sun is not the principle driving force in climatology. Because of this lack of scientific scrutiny, and because of my profound respect for the ancients, I must allow for the possibility, as does Gray Stevens, that, at least over long periods of time, the basic motion of the Sun around the solar system barycenter in fact averages out to just under 178 years instead of the 178.7 years claimed by Paul D. Jose, the first person in our age to study this subject.
Regarding the work of Gray Stevens, it is worth noting here that mainstream science now acknowledges that lightning is caused by GCR and the Electric Universe team has now discovered that earthquakes are a kind of underground lightning. There is an inverse relationship between GCR and sunspots so that it is quite logical that the major earthquakes are happening during solar minimum. See also my discussion of Matthew 24:27. It should open your eyes to the fact that the ancients understood our solar system far better than us, including Joshua (misnamed “Jesus”).
The Basic Unit of Time
There is only one timepiece in our solar system that is both reliable and easy to use. This is Jupiter. It is of paramount importance that you fully grasp why Jupiter is the most reliable timepiece in the solar system. For starters, it is a very visible planet. Its orbital period can be easily calculated. But more importantly, it has a long orbital period of 11.8618 years, which can be reduced to a measurement of one orbit of Jupiter irrespective to the length of time on Earth. There are 2160 orbits of Jupiter in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. Right now NASA calculates Jupiter’s orbits as 11.8618 years. Back when the calendar was designed, the precise measurement of Jupiter’s orbit in years may have been different, but the length of time that represents most assuredly has not changed. I’ll get back to the reasons why Jupiter’s orbit is so stable in a minute, but for now let’s make some comparisons.
If the Mayan year was 365.020081 days as suggested by Carl Munck (as just one example of many of a different measurement for the length of Earth’s orbital period), 2160 orbits of Jupiter would be 25,637 years instead of the 25,621 computed using the current length of a year, which is 365.2422 days. That is a difference of 16 years, but this is a matter of perspective. The actual length of time under discussion is the same. It is 2160 orbits of Jupiter. The error only becomes manifest if you translate the time of Jupiter’s orbit into years, which the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar does not do. The orbital period of Jupiter does not change in these equations, only how it is expressed in years. This is just another example of why the calendar does not use years.
You can be sure that the designers of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar were way too smart to use anything other than Jupiter as their timepiece. The information they were conveying down through the ages ws too important to use anything else, certainly not days. Jupiter was the first planet to breakaway from the polar configuration and therefore most likely to have been the first to obtain a stable solo orbit around the Sun. It also has twice the mass of all the other planets combined. For these two reason the designers of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar chose it to be their timepiece.
The GMT Correlation
What all this says about the GMT (Goodman Martinez Thompson) Correlation, also known as the 584283 correlation, I cannot say. There is a limit to what I can contribute to this discussion as a highly abstract thinker. Quite frankly, on the subject of the correlation date, my thought borders on the mystical. What I know, or rather believe, is that the secret societies through the ages do not tamper with knowledge of the end time that could possibly result in a total loss of that knowledge. Hence, England and the United States of American refused to follow the metric system. And one thing I know for sure is that the secret societies love their numbers. Unless and until you understand this, you cannot track them through history. I know the King James version of the Holy Bible celebrated its 400 year in 2011, the year before the supposed end date of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. I know the Knights Templar surfaced as the Freemasons in 1717, two seventeens, or 2017. You can be assured this was a very carefully chosen year, as was 1776 for the formation of the United States of America. 2017 is five years after the supposed end date. There is a discussion of why five years must be added to the calendar below.
What I believe is that December 21, 2012 is the correct end date for 13 Baktuns, but 13 Baktuns is not a date. It is the length of a “Great Cycle” or “Age,” which is a division of the calendar into fifths marking major cycles of destruction equal to 432 orbits of Jupiter. And December 21, 2012 does not take into consideration either what might be called the extended end date of December 16, 2013 (discussed below) or the original obfuscation of the end date by the designers of the calendar, which requires that five days and five years be added (also discussed below), not to December 21, 2012, but to December 16, 2013 arriving finally at December 21, 2018. This is the date I believe to be the greatest secret of this age. Though it is possible that the Winter Solstice has some profound electromagnetic significance and in fact marks the actual date of the event, it is more likely that, like September 23, 2017, it says to us “you are living in the end time.” Having said this, however, I must confess I think whatever is going to happen, be it initiated first by the secrete societies (most likely a nuclear war) so that they have better control of when they enter their tunnel systems, or at a less precise date by Mother Nature (most likely an axial tilt caused by our planet’s binary relationship with the Sirius star system), I do believe it will happen on or before December 21, 2018 and I live accordingly.
You can be sure that if December 21, 2012 were the actual end date, you would have never heard about it. Such information about the end time has never been in the public domain. It was always intended to be the biggest “crying wolf” incident ever. It succeeded. Even mentioning a possible end date is met with utter disdain by the newly enlightened ones. They are more sure than ever that the world will continue on its merry way indefinitely. The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is the single greatest intellectual achievement of mankind since the end of the last world. It is indeed everything people thought it was prior to December 21, 2012. Only now the people have fallen asleep to its reality. This was by design.
The calendar successfully marks the end of the Modern Maximum in January, 2014 when Solar Cycle 24 reached the second of its double peaks. This in itself is a remarkable achievement. The end of this calendar is also coordinate with the September 23, 2017 retrograde motion of Jupiter spoken of in Revelation 12:2 as a woman travailing in birth. But nothing will happen on that day either. Keep reading and you will understand why.
December 16, 2013
In a discussion of “How to Set the Date” in How Does the Mayan Calendar Work?, the author states
A date in the Maya calendar is specified by its position in both the Tzolkin and the Haab calendars which aligns the Sacred Round with the Vague Year creating the joint cycle called the Calendar Round, represented by two wheels rotating in different directions.
The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is best thought of as a series of interlocking gears (or cogs) all of which must advance to their end point before a major calendar period can be said to have ended.
(image from David Pratt’s “2012 and the Mayan Calendar: facts and fantasies“)
I first became aware of this argument for the correct end date of December 16, 2013 while reading an obscure discussion forum discussed in 13 Ahau (December 16, 2013) and Comet ISON. It is a difficult read, but I encourage you to stop and carefully review it. The strength of this argument is also based on the belief that the end date, according to ancient Mayan texts, must be 13 Ahau (this is also the somewhat more respectable Carl Calleman’s argument) and that GMT correlation ignorantly counts the year zero.
The end of the second post from 2012 references the work of Susan Lynne Schwenger and suggests that she has arrived at this very same end date using an entirely different approach, but the links provided are now dead. A simple Google search provides several links which preserve her discussion of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar end date:
This does indeed appear to be two different approaches arriving at the same conclusion, which is that the correct end date of the Mesoamerican (Mayan) Long Count calendar is actually December 16, 2013. This begs the question of why would the designers of this calendar select an end date five days before the Winter solstice? I believe this was done specifically so that we would ask this very question.
Carl Munck on The Length of a Mayan Year
A Baktun is 144,000 days. Using our present measurement of 365.2422 days as the length of a year, 144,000 days is 394.26 years (rounded). According to Carl Munck, at the time our ancestors were building all of the pyramids and mounds in what he calls the “grid,” the length of the year was 365.020081 days. Surely these were the same people who developed the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. If that is so, then 144,000 days (divided by 365.020081) is equal to 394.50 years (rounded). This is a considerable difference of roughly three months. In one Great Cycle of 13 Baktuns, the difference is even more pronounced.
Mainstream science says the years are getting longer, too, but at a rate of at most 1.8 to 2.3 milliseconds a century. This is classical uniformitarianism applied to metrology. What proof does Munck offer for this shorter year?
When computing the “grid longitude” of Kukulcan, he notes that there are 365 steps but then says:
As explained in my earlier presentations, the number 365 has no more meaning in the code than it does in referring to the calendar. There is no 365 day year and never has been. Today the year is 365.2422 days long, and is growing. When this matrix was mapped out thousands of years ago, the year was 365.020081 days long and that’s the number we have to use here. [1:00:52 to 1:01:23 in Part 2 of “The Code”]
He then uses the same figure of 365.020081 days in a year to compute the “grid longitude” of The Pyramid of the (365) Niches in El Tajín, Mexico.
Critics of “archaeocryptography” (a term Wikipedia uses to attack his credibility) might note that the only difference between using 365 versus 365.020081 in this computation is that the longitude minutes are 34.218 (or 34.219 rounded), which is pretty negligible. To which Munck responds with a pretty amazing “checkmate” use of 325.020081 days in a year:
But it’s no real problem for a master suppressionist to dispose of any of the preceding by simply asserting that all of these field measurements are wrong. So let’s setup another checkmate, shall we. Kukulcan does this for us, in part. Ninety degree right angles everywhere. And its 365 steps, which we now know to represent the figure 365.020081
The derivative here is 4.055778, a figure which any better modern calculator can show as being the tangent of 7123.85068.
Kukulcan explained the first part. Back in 1993, the US Geological Survey explained the second part. I sent the exact coordinates of Kukulcan and the Great Pyramid off to the national geodetic survey in Silver Spring, Maryland, and ask their computers to plot me the exact surface distance over the Earth which separates these two pyramids. I further asked that they provide the figure back to me in terms of 5280 foot statute miles. And this is how it came back, 7,123.8. This 7,123.8 mile line from the Kukulcan vectors itself on the Great Pyramid, or vice versa. The tangent to mile message here is so obvious that no further explanation is really necessary. [1:31:32 to 1:33:21 in Part 2 of “The Code”]
I think even the most ardent skeptic would have to take a hard look at this. The tangent is exact and is not obtainable without the .020081 added to 365 (the number of steps).
But Munck finds further support for 365.020081 being the length of the year in no less than the Great Pyramid of Giza.This is deeply troubling because there is general agreement in the field of comparative mythology, especially in the more recent work of Jno Cook, that the change from a 360 day year to a 365 day year occurred on February 26th, 747 BC. The Great Pyramid of Giza was obviously built before then, so this information could not be deliberately encoded into the design of the pyramid. You can review this discussion for yourself. It begins at 1:02:48 in Part 1 of “The Code.”
The only mitigating factor in this mistake is that Munck uses a somewhat contrived “grid vector” for the Great Pyramid, one which does not cross the apex of the pyramid, but rather its north face. On the surface, this shows the weakness of Carl Munck’s work and supports the Wikipedia “archaeocryptography” blatant attack on him. I would respond to this criticism by pointing out that Immanuel Velikovsky was not without his faults either, yet his work has served as the foundation stone of the Electric Universe (EU) movement. Mainstream science is utterly (mathematically) insane. The only thing they are really good at is defending that insanity.