PAGE STATUS: An understanding of galactic cosmic rays is critical to my work as a whole, but I have not even so much as read this pages in ages. It is very old stuff.
LAST UPDATE: December 14, 2020
What are Galactic Cosmic Rays?
Galactic cosmic rays are highly energetic subatomic particles (sometimes described as “atomic fragments”) that originate outside of our solar system (i.e. they are extrasolar) and travel through the galaxy at nearly the speed of light. The electrons have been stripped away from the atomic nucleus of an galactic cosmic “ray.” This is a misnomer. They are not rays.
The term ray is a historical accident, as cosmic rays were at first, and wrongly, thought to be mostly electromagnetic radiation…
Wikipedia, Cosmic ray
The term cosmic rays used by itself is even more muddled. Not only are they high-energy particles, not rays, but “cosmic rays” by itself can refer to solar energetic particles (SEP) released by the Sun. Normally only the term “galactic cosmic rays” is used to make it clear one is speaking of extrasolar cosmic rays. Most GCR are thought to originate from supernova (“exploding stars,” the traditional concept of which is highly suspect) within our galaxy, but there are also extragalactic cosmic rays (very-high-energy particles) and Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays.
A HIGHLY TECHNICAL, BUT VERY BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF GALACTIC COSMIC RAYS: Roughly 90% are single, high-energy hydrogen protons. Of the remaining 10% most are alpha particles (helium nuclei, which consist of two protons and two neutrons). These alpha particles are roughly 9% of all of the galactic cosmic rays. The remaining 1% are heavier atomic nuclei such as carbon and iron, known as “high-Z high-energy ions” (HZE ions). So now you know what are galactic cosmic rays.
Cloud Chambers (detecting GCR at home)
Galactic cosmic rays are everywhere. They are passing through you as you read this article. In fact, the first sentence of this YouTube video is, “Every second you are getting bombarded with 10,000 particles from space.” GCR can be easily detected at home using what is called a “cloud chamber.” Here is a short YouTube example of how to make one for yourself:
TITLE: How to build a Cloud Chamber
CHANNEL: US LHC
POSTED: January 20, 2015
VIEWS: 246,331 views as of December 14, 2020
Being able to see GCR in front of you and realizing they are everywhere is pretty cool and worth your time, especially because they are about to rock your world.
Something spectacular happens when GCRs collide with other particles in Earth’s upper atmosphere. It’s called an “air shower.”
An air shower is an extensive (many kilometers wide) cascade of ionized particles and electromagnetic radiation produced in the atmosphere when a primary cosmic ray (i.e. one of extraterrestrial origin) enters the atmosphere.
Here is a typical artist rendition:
Keep this image of an air shower in mind as we discuss the implications of an ever-increasing GCR flux. Galactic cosmic rays are about to go off the charts, and it is very important that you understand why.
Sunspots are what they sound like, dark spots on the surface of the Sun. A group of sunspots is sometimes as large as Jupiter and visible with the naked eye from Earth, though looking directly into the Sun is never a good idea. Whenever I see a closeup picture of a sunspot group, I am reminded of a Van Gogh sunflower painting. Sunspots often erupt in what is called a solar flare. If a solar flare is powerful enough, the ejecta will escape the Sun’s gravity in what is called a coronal mass ejection (CME). To simplify things, you can think of the sunspot as the end of a rifle bore, the solar flare as a muzzle flash. and the CME as the bullet in flight. Not all solar flares produce CMEs. The Sun sometimes shoots blanks. In this analogy, the bullet is actually hot plasma carried off by the solar wind. This solar wind is what is of interest to us. Strong solar winds of 500 to 800 km/s protect our planet by pushing back GCRs (often referred to as a Forbush decrease) and keeping them from reaching the inner solar system. When there are no sunspots during solar minimums, the solar wind can drop below 300 km/s, too weak to push back GCRs. Consequently they flood the inner solar system.
This inverse relationship between the solar wind and galactic cosmic rays (when one is up, the other is down) is highly predictable. I check the solar wind speed, the number of sunspots, and coronal holes (discussed below) on spaceweather.com versus the level of GCRs at the University of Oulu Cosmic Ray Station in Finland every morning and multiple times throughout the day. I have done this on a daily basis for years now. You should, too. It will help you start to understand what is happening to the planet. After checking these two indicators, I can often guess with reasonable precision the level of earthquake activity. That is a skill I have carefully honed for five years now. Quite frankly, I think I am better at it than some websites that are garnering a lot of attention for their efforts in the same direction.
Wikipedia describes this inverse relationship between sunspots and the level of GCRs as follows:
An overview of the space environment shows the relationship between the solar activity and galactic cosmic rays.
The flux of incoming cosmic rays at the upper atmosphere is dependent on the solar wind, the Earth’s magnetic field, and the energy of the cosmic rays. At distances of ~94 AU from the Sun, the solar wind undergoes a transition, called the termination shock, from supersonic to subsonic speeds. The region between the termination shock and the heliopause acts as a barrier to cosmic rays, decreasing the flux at lower energies (≤ 1 GeV) by about 90%. However, the strength of the solar wind is not constant, and hence it has been observed that cosmic ray flux is correlated with solar activity.
Here it is best to think of the heliosphere as a large balloon. The solar wind inflates this balloon. When the balloon is fully inflated during solar maximums (high sunspot count), the inner solar system is well protected from galactic cosmic rays. When the balloon is partially deflated during solar minimums (low sunspot count), the inner solar system is bombarded with GCRs. During what are called “grand solar minimums” such as the Maunder Minimum at the height of the Little Ice Age, Earth is in trouble. At the very least, we are headed into an extended grand solar minimum. But if I am right about everything I say on this website, specifically that Earth is entering the Age of Aquarius for the first time outside of the protective magnetosphere of Proto-Saturn, the Little Ice Age was a dress rehearsal for what is about to happen.
Galactic Cosmic Rays Cause Lightning
Extreme thunderstorms such as the one pictured below have become commonplace worldwide. If you doubt me on this, read and follow the Extreme Lightning section on № 33. Our Last Days on Earth. Why? Why is there extreme lightning happening all over the world? The answer is GCRs.
It has only been in the past five years or so that we made the connection between GCRs and lightning. Here is a chronological sampling of the literature
Cosmic rays illuminate the electric fields that cause lightning
Physics World, 29 April 2015
Cosmic rays reveal the secrets of thunderstorms
Nature, 23 April 2015
Cosmic Rays Could Spark Earth’s Lightning
Live Science, 7 May 2013
Cosmic rays offer clue to lightning
Physics World, June 5, 2009
Do cosmic rays cause lightning?,
Scientific American, 24 January 2008
As in all things electromagnetic, the Electric Universe team at The Thunderbolts Project™ (in this case “Space news” YouTube videos by Andrew Hall) have advanced this knowledge way beyond what mainstream science thinks. I would skip over these two videos unless you are already knowledgeable about this subject. They are very advanced.
Are you beginning to see the science behind Matthew 24:27? Allow me to reiterate two of my main points: Christ Jesus was a man of science; and Matthew 24 includes some of the most subtle communications in all of the Bible.
Electric Earthquakes and Volcanoes
That GCRs cause lightning is now mainstream science. But profoundly more important than lightning is the fact that cutting edge science is awakening to the reality that earthquakes and volcanoes are a kind of “underground lightning.”
If GCRs cause lightning and earthquakes are “underground lightning” then they should both be increasing at this time, along with volcanic activity. All three are in fact at historic highs, and Solar Cycle 24 solar minimum is only getting started.
I encourage you to research this subject in depth (no pun intended). Furthermore, I suggest starting with mainstream science, national Geographic article entitled “Bizarre Earthquake Lights Finally Explained” which discusses the work of Friedemann Freund. Wallace Thornhill of the Electric Universe team fame also references the work of Freund, but takes it to a higher level in an article entitled “Electric Earthquakes” on his The Electric Universe website. The Thunderbolts Project™ also has a page entitled Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
Electricity as the Cause of Earthquakes (historical)
Electricquakes.org “Before Dutchsinse, before SuspiciousObservers, (before Youtube!) there was Electricquakes.org .”
Finally, here is a related YouTube video I found most intriguing:
Underground lightning causes Tsunamis and Earthquakes: A video demonstration and evidence from the cgmaxed YouTube channel