Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR)

 

 

 

Why Should I Care about Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR)?


A short answer might be that GCRs can damage or mutate human DNA, but there are more practical reasons why you should care about these highly charged particles passing through your body by the tens of thousands and millions even as you read this page. Before I lunge into a technical discussion of galactic cosmic rays (GCR), first let us consider for a moment what happens when there is a dramatic increase of galactic cosmic ray flux in the inner solar system. There is no more important sign of the end times than the level of GCRs reaching our planet. In fact, I like to think of them death rays because GCR either directly or indirectly are responsible for all the following and more:

Few people truly grasp the significance of a massive influx of GCRs in an electromagnetic universe. Worldwide flooding, tornadoes, increased lightning, seismicity, and volcanism are already happening as they did during the last extended solar minimum of Solar Cycle 23. This was when people started to wake up and ask “What is happening to our planet?” There was one major natural disaster after another. Not only are all of these happening again, but this time they will not stop. They will only ever get worse, much worse with each passing month.

 

 

 

What are Galactic Cosmic Rays?


Galactic cosmic rays are highly energetic subatomic particles (sometimes described as “atomic fragments”) that originate outside of our solar system (i.e. they are extrasolar) and travel through the galaxy at nearly the speed of light. The electrons have been stripped away from the atomic nucleus of an galactic cosmic “ray.”  This is a misnomer. They are not rays.

Etymology

The term ray is a historical accident, as cosmic rays were at first, and wrongly, thought to be mostly electromagnetic radiation… — Wikipedia

The term cosmic rays used by itself is even more muddled. Not only are they high-energy particles, not rays, but “cosmic rays” by itself can refer to solar energetic particles (SEP) released by the Sun. Normally only the term “galactic cosmic rays” is used to make it clear one is speaking of extrasolar cosmic rays. Most GCR are thought to originate from supernova (“exploding stars,” the traditional concept of which is highly suspect) within our galaxy, but there are also extragalactic cosmic rays (very-high-energy particles) and Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays.

A HIGHLY TECHNICAL, BUT VERY BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF GALACTIC COSMIC RAYS: Roughly 90% are single, high-energy hydrogen protons. Of the remaining 10% most are alpha particles (helium nuclei, which consist of two protons and two neutrons). These alpha particles are roughly 9% of all of the galactic cosmic rays. The remaining 1% are heavier atomic nuclei such as carbon and iron, known as “high-Z high-energy ions” (HZE ions). So now you know what are galactic cosmic rays.

See also NASA’s Galactic Cosmic Rays in the News.

 

 

 

Cloud Chambers (detecting GCR at home)


Galactic cosmic rays are everywhere. They are passing through you as you read this article. In fact, the first sentence of this YouTube video is, “Every second you are getting bombarded with 10,000 particles from space.” GCR can be easily detected at home using what is called a “cloud chamber.” Here is a short YouTube example of how to make one for yourself:

Being able to see GCR in front of you and realizing they are everywhere is pretty cool and worth your time, especially because they are about to rock your world.

 

 

 

 

Air Showers


Something spectacular happens when GCR collide with other particles in Earth’s upper atmosphere. It’s called an “air shower.”

An air shower is an extensive (many kilometers wide) cascade of ionized particles and electromagnetic radiation produced in the atmosphere when a primary cosmic ray (i.e. one of extraterrestrial origin) enters the atmosphere. — Wikipedia

Here is a typical artist rendition:

 

Galactic cosmic rays collide with Earth’s atmosphere

Keep this image of an air shower in mind as we discuss the implications of an ever increasing GCR flux. Galactic cosmic rays are about to go off the charts, and it is very important that you understand why.

 

A massive solar flare

 

 

 

 

Closeup picture of a sunspot group

Solar Modulation


Sunspots are what they sound like, dark spots on the surface of the Sun. A group of sunspots is sometimes as large as Jupiter and visible with the naked eye from Earth, though looking directly into the Sun is never a good idea. Whenever I see a closeup picture of a sunspot group, I am reminded of a Van Gogh sunflower painting. Sunspots often erupt in what is called a solar flare. If a solar flare is powerful enough, the ejecta will escape the Sun’s gravity in what is called a coronal mass ejection (CME). To simplify things, you can think of the sunspot as the end of a rifle bore, the solar flare as a muzzle flash. and the CME as the bullet in flight. Not all solar flares produce CMEs. The Sun sometimes shoots blanks.  In this analogy, the bullet is actually hot plasma carried off by the solar wind. This solar wind is what is of interest to us. Strong solar winds of 500 to 800 km/s protect our planet by pushing back GCRs (often referred to as a Forbush decrease) and keeping them from reaching the inner solar system. When there are no sunspots during solar minimums, the solar wind can drop below 300 km/s, too weak to push back GCRs. Consequently they flood the inner solar system.

This inverse relationship between the solar wind and galactic cosmic rays (when one is up, the other is down) is highly predictable. I check the solar wind speed, the number of sunspots, and coronal holes (discussed below) on spaceweather.com versus the level of GCRs at the University of Oulu Cosmic Ray Station in Finland every morning and multiple times throughout the day. I have done this on a daily basis for years now. You should, too. It will help you start to understand what is happening to the planet. After checking these two indicators, I can often guess with reasonable precision the level of earthquake activity. That is a skill I have carefully honed for five years now. Quite frankly, I think I am better at it than some websites that are garnering a lot of attention for their efforts in the same direction.

 

Solar modulation of GCR flux (inverse relationship)

Wikipedia describes this inverse relationship between sunspots and the level of GCRs as follows:

Cosmic-ray flux

 An overview of the space environment shows the relationship between the solar activity and galactic cosmic rays.

The flux of incoming cosmic rays at the upper atmosphere is dependent on the solar wind, the Earth’s magnetic field, and the energy of the cosmic rays. At distances of ~94 AU from the Sun, the solar wind undergoes a transition, called the termination shock, from supersonic to subsonic speeds. The region between the termination shock and the heliopause acts as a barrier to cosmic rays, decreasing the flux at lower energies (≤ 1 GeV) by about 90%. However, the strength of the solar wind is not constant, and hence it has been observed that cosmic ray flux is correlated with solar activity.

Here it is best to think of the heliosphere as a large balloon. The solar wind inflates this balloon. When the balloon is fully inflated during solar maximums (high sunspot count), the inner solar system is well protected from galactic cosmic rays. When the balloon is partially deflated during solar minimums (low sunspot count), the inner solar system is bombarded with GCRs. During what are called “grand solar minimums” such as the Maunder Minimum at the height of the Little Ice Age, Earth is in trouble. At the very least, we are headed into an extended grand solar minimum. But if I am right about everything I say on this website, specifically that Earth is entering the Age of Aquarius for the first time outside of the protective magnetosphere of Proto-Saturn, the Little Ice Age was a dress rehearsal for what is about to happen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record High Galactic Cosmic Rays


Before this solar cycle, NASA was fond of saying the back side of the bell curve we call a solar cycle was highly predictable. And as of this writing, everyone is still saying that solar minimum will not arrive until 2019-2020. This is rubbish. I have been saying since 2013 that by the end of 2017 solar wind would drop below 300 km/s and the Sun would become inactive (no sunspots), and the data supports this view.

Sunspot Number Progression

Solar Cycle 24 is crashing. NASA is already off by a year.  Despite the recent rash of X flares (not unusual during a solar minimum), I think it will continue to crash. The areas shaded in blue in the following chart are the solar maximums for the past five solar cycles. I call them “GCR winters.”

GCR monthly average

GCR Monthly Averages from the University of Oulu Cosmic Ray Station

The last, extended solar minimum broke all records in the level of GCRs. As you can see, comparatively speaking, there was no “GCR winter” this solar cycle. This is a reflection of the weakness of Solar Cycle 24. As of this writing GCRs are stalling at about 6700 as they did last solar cycle. I live on the equator and I can tell you that when the solar wind below 300 km/s and GCRs are above 6500 GCR we routinely cloud over.

 

 

 

 

Aquarius (water bearer)

Solar Dormancy in the Age of Aquarius


Another term for solar dormancy (or “hibernation,” if you prefer) is “grand solar minimum.” The Little Ice Age is an example of a grand solar minimum, but I think it was just the onset of what will be a full-fledged ice age. For reasons discussed in the next section, unless the dreaded “apocalyptic” arctic methane release happens in time, the coming ice age will be unprecedented in at least the last half a million years (think a violent the end of the Holocene). And it does not appear as if it will happen in time. Solar dormancy does not mean a dark or black Sun. This makes John L. Casey’s book on the subject entitled Cold Sun (see YouTube) somewhat misleading. More on him in a moment. But it does mean an extreme drop in temperature, crop losses, and a significant reduction in the “carrying capacity” of Earth. In short, yes, people are going to die.

Gray Stevens, creator of the “Jupiter’s Dance” website (see last section below) has connections at NASA because I distinctly remember him telling me during the last solar maximum that the corona of the Sun was being stripped away (as “filament explosions”) and no one there understood why. Followed by the massive coronal holes we are now experiencing during the subsequent solar minimum, this is clearly the mechanism by which the Sun enters into a prolonged period of dormancy. As soon as these enormous coronal holes started appearing, I wrote a leading scientist who had just published a “peer-reviewed” paper on the subject and suggested that they would continue because coronal holes are an important part of the mechanism by which the Sun becomes dormant. I got no answer.

My principal argument for what is about to happen is that when on the vernal equinox the Sun rises in Aquarius is also when it also becomes dormant for a prolonged period of time. The Little Ice Age was only the start of this. This makes John Casey’s 206 year cycle highly suspect. The actual cycle involved here is our solar system’s binary relationship with the Sirius star system. Life on this planet is much older than we think. The Zodiac is a record of what happens at different periods in our solar system’s 26,000 year binary dance (misnamed the “precession of the equinoxes”) with the Sirius star system. It is notable that the Babylonians referred to the Age of Aquarius as the “Great One.” What the ancients knew from millennia of direct observations which they encoded into the Zodiac is that when the vernal equinox Sun rises in the constellation of Aquarius (as it does now) it becomes dormant. Hence “Aquarius” or the “water bearer.” Recall the inverse relationship between solar activity and galactic cosmic rays. GCR seed clouds, vastly accelerating the hydrological (or water) cycle. For anyone not distracted by the political circus in the United States, this is already happening. Worldwide flooding is a consequence of the inner solar system being bombarded by GCR. You need only monitor alternative new sources such as The Watchers to learn what is happening on an almost daily basis. The mainstream media is completely ignoring the worldwide flooding.

 

 

 

 

The polar configuration of the planets at midnight with Proto-Saturn in the background

Two Suns (“Shields are down Scotty”)


The Earth had two suns in the past, our current Sun and the planet Saturn, which is referred to as Proto-Saturn in the remote past. Both protected our planet from galactic cosmic rays. Then the polar configuration of the planets broke apart (David Talbott prefers “dismembered”) and Earth began a solo orbit around the Sun. This has profound implications for the future of mankind. Earth is no longer inside the protective magnetosphere of Saturn. Now only the heliosphere of the Sun protects us from galactic cosmic rays.

When you begin to understand the consequences of a massive influx of these highly charged particles misnamed “galactic cosmic rays,” you will begin to also understand what the ancients knew. Outside of the protective magnetosphere of Proto-Saturn, as an intelligent species we are headed into uncharted territory. This has never, ever happened before. Judging by the heartbeat-like regularity of the ice core temperature records, nothing like this has happened for at least a half a million years and may never have happened before. In other words, the temperature records suggest that the polar configuration of the planets was stable for that long. The giant skeletons found on or near the surface of our planet are critically important evidence that the polar configuration did not destabilize until about 18,000 years ago with Proto-Saturn exploding in 9500 BC. But the grossly misnamed “precession of the equinoxes,” which is provably our solar system’s binary relationship with the Sirius star system, is a 26,000 year cycle. What this means is that the newly orphaned Earth on its solo orbit around the Sun is entering into the Age of Aquarius outside of Saturn’s protective magnetosphere for the first time ever. Think Star Trek “raise the shields Scotty,” only the shields are at fifty percent and the Klingon’s (GCRs) are about to attack in force. The ancients knew this, and they fully understood the consequences. It has already begun. We are in for the ride of our life.

 

Galactic cosmic rays were used to detect when VOYAGER-1 exited the heliosphere an entered unprotected interstellar space in May, 2012 Credit: NASA/JPL

 

 

 

Jupiter’s Dance

Jupiter’s Dance and the Missing GCR Connection


There is a little know website that grasps the importance of all this. It baffles me though because the author, Gray Stevens, is a highly intelligent man but completely misses the GCR connection. I strongly encourage you to stop here and explore Gray Steven’s website “Jupiter’s Dance.” Here is the very first sentence on his home page: “Research shows that large earthquakes occur at low sunspot frequencies.”

I am heavily indebted to this man. Without his work I would have never discovered that the actual unit of time measurement in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is 2160 orbits of Jupiter. The Mayans were right. As Gray Stevens points out during the Little Ice Age (36 orbits of Jupiter or 427 years ago) there were major earthquakes along the Madrid fault in the United States of America. This is about to happen again, and when it does there will be a cascading failure of the locks and dams along the Mississippi River. When this happens, the entire Mississippi River delta, including the city of New Orleans, will be washed out into the Gulf of Mexico. This will be just one of many scenes etched into the memory of mankind in the New World to come. I left there with my domestic partner three years ago for the equator. Plant life tells us your best chance for survival at times like this is at the equator, notably atop the equatorial bulge. So maybe Gray Stevens saved my life. Nevertheless, I remain perplexed that he never made the GCR connection.

 

 

 

In the News


The subject of GCRs merits following it in the news. I will post important news here on a regular basis.

 

 

 

March 5, 2018 FROM Space Weather, an AGU Journal

Update on the worsening particle radiation environment observed by CRaTER and implications for future human deep-space exploration

Over the last decade, the solar wind has exhibited low densities and magnetic field strengths, representing anomalous states that have never been observed during the Space Age. As a result of this remarkably weak solar activity, we have also observed the highest fluxes of cosmic rays.

This article suggests a potential of as much as 30% increase in GCR over Solar Cycle 23 maximums, which would put GCRs above 9600 (Oulu Cosmic ray Station). That is way off the charts.

 

December 21, 2017 FROM watchers.news

Solar activity cycle falls to the bottom 1.5 years earlier than expected

Well, this pains me a little only because I have been predicting it since 2013 and regularly complaining in the media that everyone continued to quote NASA as saying solar minimum would not arrive until 2019-2020. Now that someone with more respectability has been the first to make headlines with this story my prediction will go largely unnoticed. How did I know? The answer to this question is precisely that I understand the role galactic cosmic rays are even now playing (severe winters, extreme rains)  in the coming destruction of the world and I knew, based on everything the ancients are shouting at us, that the Sun is entering a period of profound dormancy. Based on that and the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar extended end date of 2018 as well as Christ Jesus’ predictions for severe winters, I reasoned the Sun would go quiet before the end of this year. It effectively did on November 14, 2017 after 13 spotless days, indicating for the first time in Solar Cycle 24 that there were no sunspots anywhere on the Sun. But clamoring for credit right before the world is destroyed makes little sense. We just watch as things unfold.

 

 

December 21, 2017 FROM watchers.news

How cosmic rays produce clouds and influence Earth’s climate

 

 

December 19, 2017 FROM spacewether.com

100 DAYS OF SPOTLESSNESS: As of yesterday, Dec. 18th, the sun has been without spots for 100 days in 2017. The last time the sun crossed this threshold was in 2009 (260 spotless days) when the solar cycle was just beginning to rebound from a century-class Solar Minimum. This time we are entering a new Solar Minimum. In 2018 we can expect at least twice as many spotless days (200+) as blank suns once again become the norm.

So why is everyone still following NASA’s lead by claiming that Solar Cycle 24 solar minimum will not arrive until 2019-2020?

 

Russian Astrophysicist Dr. Habibullo Abdussamatov, who is the head of space research for the Pulkovo Observatory at the Russian Academy of Sciences, in a new study, claims the “new Little Ice Age” started at the end of 2015 due to low solar activity, kicking off decades of “deep cooling” in the latter half of the 21st Century.

 

It isn’t just a lack of sunspots that is causing scientists to worry. Earth is now in a period of increasing incoming galactic cosmic rays – these being a main factor for major volcanic activity. This usually causes an increase global cloud coverage which blocks more sunlight and promotes further cooling. If it becomes colder along with more clouds then the risk is also of greater snow coverage. Such conditions were last seen during the Little Ice Age that ended around 1850, which coincided with the start of the Industrial Revolution. Until the thaw it was so cold England’s Thames river froze at least 23 separate times, with ice skating and “frost fairs” the norm. — SOTT.net  [emphasis added]