- The Matrix Connection
- Apocalyptic Books Planted in the Bible
- A Checksum for the End of the Maya Long Count Calendar
- The Math is Simple
- When was the Book of Daniel canonized?
- The Threefold Division of Jewish Scripture
- The Oldest Extant Copies of the Book of Daniel
- The Only New Testament Reference to Daniel
- Vaticinium ex eventu in the Book of Daniel
- References to Jeremiah
- Significant Parallels between the Books of Daniel and Revelation
- Correcting Some Historical Discrepancies
- Roman Ascendancy
- The Divine Comedy
- The third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah
- Pythagoras predates Christianity
- Tag Phrases
- The Math is Simple
- The Prophet Daniel is using Maya Long Count Calendar predates the Book of Daniel
- Why 1290 and 1335?
- Research Notes
READER BEWARE: Freed from the religious nonsense that surrounds this book, there should be much to learn. But I am shutting down this operation for now. This was the last page I worked on. When and if i resume the work, it will be on this page.
The Matrix Connection
The name of the ship in the original Matrix movie is the Nebuchadnezzar.
Mark 3:11 is the metaphysics of the Matrix.
And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God.
The intent here is clearly to identify the main character of this movie as a reincarnation of Christ Jesus. But beware. The original Matrix move was released March 31, 1999. In it while riding in an elevator a comment is made that it looks like every floor is wired with explosives. There was no reason for this comment. In the movie the building does not explode. Then they get out on floor 101, which is, of course, very prominently displayed. I will leave it as an exercise for the reader to get from this observation to The Illuminati Signature on the World Trade Center. See also the like-named section The Matrix Connection on the № 73. Sacred Number 216 page.
Apocalyptic Books Planted in the Bible
The books of Daniel and Revelation were planted in the Scriptures by the progeny of Jove.
Daniel is the 33rd book in the Hebrew Scriptures, whereas Revelation is the 66th book in the Christian Bible. The special relationship of these two apocalyptic books was made even stronger in the Holy Bible in which both are the 27th book in their respective Old and New Testaments.
Once again we find the progeny of Jove’s greatest weaknesses are in signing their work with esoteric and sacred numbers and that they do so unseen. Note that regarding the Book of Daniel as the 33rd book of the Hebrew canon requires counting the books as we do those in the Protestant Old Testament (i.e. 39 total) and is based on Babylonian Talmud, a fact which is not insignificant in this context.
The planting of these two apocalyptic books in the Scriptures is the most powerful evidence available to us that the progeny of Jove have been in control of the Western world for much longer than any of us are willing to admit. How do we know the Book of Daniel was planted in the third division of the Scriptures (referred to variously as as the Ketuvim in Hebrew, the Hagiographa in Greek, or the Writings in English) by the same progeny of Jove who also planted the Book of Revelation in the New Testament? In other words, How do we know Daniel is a fictitious character?
You must not overlook the obvious. Do a simple search for “Daniel” in the Bible. Outside of the Book of Daniel and Matthew and Mark quoting the same statement made by Christ Jesus in the New Testament, there are only six references to “Daniel” in the Bible. The first is in 1 Chronicles 3:1, which refers to a son of David, who reigned bout 1000 BC. So this is not the same Daniel. The second reference to “Daniel” is in Ezra 8:2, which is a list of names of the people who returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity. Daniel did not return and died about this time (538 BC). Next is Nehemiah 10:6. Here “Daniel” appears in a list of priests who signed (or “sealed”) a covenant with God. Our Daniel is already dead. This is someone else. All that leaves is three references to Daniel in the Book of Ezekiel: Ezekiel 14:14, Ezekiel 14:20, and Ezekiel 28:3.
But because of the Four Faces of Ezekiel (the 23 of 600 B.C.), we already know that the Book of Ezekiel has been touched by the progeny of Jove.
The “prophet” Daniel never existed. He is a fictional character who for whatever reason is the very definition of Vaticinium ex eventu. The so-called prophesy in the Book of Daniel is discussed in detail below. Adding the name “Daniel” to three verses in Ezekiel is a somewhat obvious effort to substantiate his existence for posterity. It worked. The problem is this guy doesn’t really exist. Care must be taken not to draw too much attention to what you are doing. This is why outside of the Book of Daniel, Ezekiel is the only book that even mentions his name. Stop and think about this for a minute. Is not Daniel the Moses of his generation? Both men were Jews who rise to positions of prominence in a foreign country where their people are enslaved. Both men hobnob with the most powerful men in the world. By all rights both men should be heroes. Yet, absent the Book of Daniel, no one would know this guy ever existed.
Moses is mentioned 784 times in the Bible compared to Daniel’s 70 (only five of which are outside the Book of Daniel). Sure Moses parted the Red Sea, but Daniel survived the lion’s den. And Moses led his people out of captivity, but because of Daniel and his friends the God of the Jews was honored and respected by Babylonian kings. He must have been greatly loved and admired by the other Jews in Babylonia.
Why do not the prophets Haggaj, Zechariah, and Malachi never mention his name. Not once. This makes no sense unless Daniel never existed.
[FIX] The Jews returned from captivity in Babylon in 538 BC. Haggai is dated at 520 BC. Zechariah is dated at 520 to 518 BC. And Malachi is dated at circa 400 BC. You would think at least one of these guys would lament the fact the Daniel stayed behind in Babylonia. Not a word. It’s as if he didn’t exist. Why? Because he really did not exist. Daniel is a fictional character.
Furthermore, read the three verses, especially Ezekiel 28:3.
behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
From where I am sitting, this makes me think of the faked moon landings and September 11, 2001. Once you pull back the curtain on this Wizard of Oz and allow yourself to see the truth, not only do the progeny of Jove seems a lot more human, but the truth is they get sloppy because at some level they do not believe anyone is paying attention. The intent of Ezekiel to bolster the credibility of Daniel as an extraordinary prophet is painfully obvious. Here are the other two verses from Ezekiel. They are identical.
The word of the Lord came again to me, saying, Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it: though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord God.
Or if I send a pestilence into that land, and pour out my fury upon it in blood, to cut off from it man and beast: 20 though Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, as I live, saith the Lord God, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall but deliver their own souls by their righteousness.
Tossing his name in with Noah and Job further inflates Daniel’s status. But that’s it. That’s all the hero of the Babylonia captivity gets, mere bread crumbs. Close to nothing. Why? Because anything more would have been potentially problematic. This page will attempt to identify exactly when the Book of Daniel was added to the Scriptures. Doubtless, his name was added to Ezekiel at the same time. We expect to find that this was done during a period of great disruption. But even then, plastering Daniel’s name all over the Scriptures would have been noticed by scribes and priests. These three very minor changes somehow went unnoticed.
But something more is going on here. Of all the men in the Scriptures who could have been used as examples of good men God would not punish for the sins of others, NOAH AND JOB ARE NOT JEWS. How weird is that?
This is an example of the progeny of Jove talking over our heads. Basically, read from their perspective, what these two verses are saying is that Daniel is not a Jew, which is to say he’s fictional. This gives the “behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee” a whole new meaning. Considered as a whole, these three verses are telling the reader to look for a hidden message in the Book of Daniel.
“The same things are reported in the records and in the memoirs of Nehemiah, and also that he founded a library and collected the books about the kings and prophets, and the writings of David, and letters of kings about votive offerings. In the same way Judas [Maccabeus] also collected all the books that had been lost on account of the war which had come upon us, and they are in our possession.” 2 Maccabees 2:13-14
“Nothing specific is said about what Judas collected other than that they were books lost in the war with the Seleucids.”
Nehemiah’s library is too early. Translation from Revelation to Canon: Studies in the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Literature, James C. Vanderkam, 2002, “Revealed Literature in the Second Temple Period” p. 6-7
A Checksum for the End of the Maya Long Count Calendar
The Book of Daniel endcodes what computer programmers call a “checksum” for the end of the Maya Long Count calendar in 2018 A.D.
Then Daniel went in, and desired of the king that he would give him time, and that he would shew the king the interpretation.
I tell you of a truth, the progeny of Jove have a sense of humor because the interpretation is time. To be precise, it is the end of the Maya Long Count calendar. Daniel says “Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.” Waiteth? What does that mean? Perhaps it means waiting until the end of the book before doing you calculations.
1335 x Phi(𝛟) = 2160
So now I finally know why 2,625 was divided into 1335 and 1290, but please note that 1290 is nothing more than the difference of subtracting 1335 from 2,635. You should not try to find meaning in it. The 1335 subtrahend was particularly appropriate because as with all reference to the “unlucky” number 13, it points to the Ophiuchus constellation and the center of the galaxy which emitted the last (Dr. Paul LaViolette) galactic superwave 1080 orbits of Jupiter ago, dead center of the Maya Long Count calendar. Thanks to an anonymous contributor. This is the first time anyone has ever helped me. He uses the “Nordic pseudonym” Alder Av Grunn. Thank you, Mr. Grunn.
And this is the number of orbits of Jupiter in the Maya Long Count calendar.
…there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time
The Book of Daniel is telling us when the Maya Long Count calendar ends and and what to expect.
The military of the United States of America did essentially the same thing by very carefully limiting above ground nuclear tests to 216. You can read about this in the 216 Above Ground Nuclear Tests starting 216 years after 1776 section of the № 73. Sacred Number 216 page.
The Math is Simple
The math surrounding the Book of Daniel can get really bizarre.
I knew existing date interpretations were too complicated. What I saw from the moment I looked at the Book of Daniel was that it began with a very pronounced date and ended with two numbers that looked very much like years, not days.
Adding the years at the end of the book to the date at the beginning of the book is the first thing I did. That day is etched into my memory because I had already discerned the true end date of the Maya Long Count calendar (December 21, 2018). The two ancient artifacts were in perfect agreement.
The first sentence in the Book of Daniel:
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.
And the last paragraph:
And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand. And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.
I cannot help but to see in this structure of the message in the Book of Daniel a faint echo of Revelation 21:6
And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
And so we slake our thirst for knowledge. For is it not better to know the truth than to labor and toil in vain, to suffer from a hopeless religious delusion, to wrestle with shadows, and in the end to choke on your own vomit? The progeny of Jove have been in control of the Fifth World sense at least 600 B.C. However painful that realization, we should be grateful for what we do know. Truth makes better men. And the truth is that the Book of Daniel is providing us with what computer programmers call a “checksum” with which to verify the end date of the Maya Long Count calendar.
607 BC + 2,625 years = 2018 AD
2,625 is of course the sum of 1290 and 1335. Here is the ugly truth. This checksum was written by the progeny of Jove and for the progeny of Jove. Our lives are so inconsequential to them that they make sport of our religions, using our sacred texts to send encoded messages to themselves down through the ages.
When was the Book of Daniel canonized?
The 22 Books of Josephus
Before I say anything else, you need to understand I think Josephus was an integral part of the Roman bastardization of Christianity, and as soon as I hear his name I become suspicious. I think he is a tool of the Roman elite (i.e. the progeny of Jove in his time). And I am very suspicious of what you are about to read.
…we have the names of our High priests from father to son set down in our records, for the interval of two thousand years. And if any of these have been transgressors of these rules, they are prohibited to present themselves at the altar, or to be partakers of any other of our purifications. And this is justly, or rather necessarily done: because every one is not permitted of his own accord to be a writer; nor is there any disagreement in what is written. They being only prophets that have written the original and eldest accounts of things, as they learned them of God himself, by inspiration: and others have written what hath happened in their own times, and that in a very distinct manner also. For we have not an innumerable multitude of books among us, disagreeing from, and contradicting one another: [as the Greeks have:] but only twenty two books: which contain the records of all the past times: which are justly believed to be divine.† And of them five belong to Moses: which contain his laws, and the traditions of the origin of mankind, till his death. This interval of time was little short of three thousand years. But as to the time from the death of Moses, till the reign of Artaxerxes, King of Persia, who reigned after Xerxes, the Prophets, who were after Moses, wrote down what was done in their times, in thirteen books. The remaining four books contain hymns to God; and precepts for the conduct of human life. ’Tis true, our history hath been written since Artaxerxes very particularly; but hath not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers; because there hath not been an exact succession of Prophets since that time.
Rather than citing this translation by William Whiston, I have copied his title page. The quote is from his translation of Flavius Josephus’s Against Apion. The bold-red emphasis is added. The complete translation of Against Apion in a most pleasant format is available on a University of Chicago website as part of The Genuine Works of Flavius Josephus the Jewish Historian.
The translator William Whiston is himself somewhat famous. The following footnote references his “Essay on the Old Testament.”
† Which were these XXII sacred Books of the Old Testament, see the Supplement to the Essay on the Old Testament, pag. 25-29, viz. those we call Canonical, all excepting the Canticles. But still with this farther exception, that the book of Apocryphal Esdras be taken into that number, instead of our Canonical Ezra: which seems to be no more than a later epitome of the other. Which two books of Canticles, and Ezra, it no way appears that our Josephus ever saw.
I should very much like to read what he says about these twenty-two books, but as of this writing I have exhaustingly searched both the Internet (including archive.org) and the Library of Congress and cannot find a copy. I’ve asked the Library of Congress for help locating a copy and if I can find one will update this text. An important footnote William Whiston added to the title page of his translation reads in part:
As to the time, and place when and where these two books were written; the learned have not hitherto been able to determine them, any farther than that they were written some time after his Antiquities, or some time after A.D. 93. Which indeed is too obvious at their entrance to be overlooked by even a careless peruser. They being directly intended against those that would not believe what he had advanced in those books concerning the great antiquity of the Jewish nation. As to the place, they all imagine that these two books were written, where the former were; I mean at Rome. And I confess that I myself believed both those determinations, till I came to finish my notes upon these books: when I met with plain indications that they were written not at Rome, but in Judea, and this after the 3d of Trajan, or A.D. 100. See the VIth Dissertation, § 3.
So William Whiston is convinced Flavius Josephus is writing about these twenty-two books (what is presumably the original Hebrew canon) sometime after 100 AD at or very near the time of his death. An equally respectable translator and scholar was Henry St. John Thackeray who translated Josephus; with an English translation by H. St. J. Thackeray, in eight volumes by Josephus, Flavius for The Digital Loeb Classical Library (Harvard University Press), 1926. The following two pages are copied from an original edition available on archive.org. They are from the Introduction to Volume 1, “THE LIFE AGAINST APION” (which are titles of “The Minor Works” written by Flavius Josephus at the end of his life), pages vii and viii.
Henry St. John Thackeray gives essentially the same date for the publication of Against Apion, which is around the year 100 AD, but in any case after the publication of the 20-volume Antiquities of the Jews in 93 or 94 AD.
Okay, so if we can prove that these 22 books are the same as the Mikra (or Hebrew canon) of today (the Protestant Old Testament), then we can say that the Book of Daniel was written sometime after 168 BC and included in the Mikra no latter than 100 AD.
Late first-century c.e. sources such as Josephus and 4 Ezra offer proof that the number of books was fixed (their numbers for the sacred books―22 [= the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet; Josephus] and 24 [= the numbers of letters in the Greek alphabet; 4 Ezra]―actually refer to the same books differently counted). Josephus also comes close to specifying precisely which books were involved. By the time he wrote the canon was closed. —Vanderkam, p. 11 [bold-red emphasis added]
Who wrote the Scriptures? …Samuel wrote the book which bears his name and the Book of Judges and Ruth…Jeremiah wrote the book which bears his name, the Book of Kings, and Lamentations…The Men of the Great Assembly wrote (Mnemonic KNDG) Ezekiel, the Twelve Minor Prophets, Daniel and the Scroll of Esther. —Translation of M. Simon in The Babylonian Talmud, Part 4, vol. 2 (ed. 1 Epstein; London: The Soncino Press, 1935). Quote and citation from Vanderkam, p.9
The first strong indication that Flavius Josephus is involved in planting the Book of Daniel in the Hebrew scriptures is the following implied warning to anyone who might consider adding to, subtracting from, or altering the Jewish scriptures.
And how firmly we have given credit to these books of our own nation, is evident by what we do. For during so many ages as have already passed, no one has been so bold, as either to add any thing to them; to take any thing from them; or to make any change in them. But it is become natural to all Jews, immediately, and from their very birth, to esteem these books to contain divine doctrines; and to persist in them: and, if occasion be, willingly to die for them. For ’tis no new thing for our captives, many of them in number, and frequently in time, to be seen to endure wracks, and deaths of all kinds, upon the theatres; that they may not be obliged to say one word against our laws, and the records that contain them. —Against Apion, Flavius Josephus, from Vanderkam translation, p. 8
In other words, Do not question the Book of Daniel!
Revelation 22:18-19 echoes these words of Flavius Josephus.
For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible; which formerly included the Book of Nehemiah in a single book, commonly distinguished in scholarship as Ezra–Nehemiah. The two became separated with the first printed rabbinic bibles of the early 16th century, following late medieval Latin Christian tradition.
Jewish tradition has long attributed authorship of this historical book to the scribe and scholar Ezra, who led the second group of Jews returning from Babylon to Jerusalem (Ezra 7:11–26). Ezra 8 includes a first-person reference, implying the author’s participation in the events. He plays a major role in the second half of the book, as well as in the book of Nehemiah, its sequel. In the Hebrew Bible, the two books were considered one work, though some internal evidence suggests they were written separately and joined together in the Hebrew canon (and separated again in English translations).
The Book of Nehemiah has been, since the 16th century, a separate book of the Hebrew Bible. Before that date, it had been included in the Book of Ezra; but in Latin Christian bibles from the 13th century onwards, the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah become separated; a separation that became canonised with the first printed bibles in Hebrew and Latin.
The Nevi’im are divided into two groups. The Former Prophets (Hebrew: נביאים ראשונים Nevi’im Rishonim) consists of the narrative books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings; while the Latter Prophets (Hebrew: נביאים אחרונים Nevi’im Aharonim) include the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and The Twelve minor prophets.
Unless you believe in prophesy (I do not, especially not with the level of detail found in Daniel, and have recently dedicated an entire page to the subject), the inclusion of the “line in the sand” story of Antiochus IV Epiphanes being met by Gaius Popillius Laenas in Egypt and the aftermath of that meeting dates the writing of the Daniel to no earlier than 168 BC. As I write this, I have yet to study the Jewish canon, but I can tell you this much for certain, as a matter of logical consistency the inclusion of the Book of Daniel had to be sometime after 168 BC.
Modern scholarship suggests that the most recently written are the books of Jonah, Lamentations, and Daniel, all of which may have been composed as late as the second century BCE.
There is no scholarly consensus as to when the Hebrew Bible canon was fixed: some scholars argue that it was fixed by the Hasmonean dynasty (140–40 BCE), while others argue it was not fixed until the second century CE or even later. —Wikipedia, Development of the Hebrew Bible canon
Now this is interesting because we may safely assume that much like Constantine the Great took control of Christianity in order to plant the Book of Revelation in the New Testament, the progeny of Jove must have taken control of Judaism long enough to plant the Book of Daniel. The question is, When did this happen? Obviously, it must have been after 168 BC, but was this the work of the Greeks or Romans?
If you look at the  footnote in the above Wikipedia quote after “some scholars argue that it was fixed by the Hasmonean dynasty (140–40 BCE), it reads, “Philip R. Davies in The Canon Debate, page 50: ‘With many other scholars, I conclude that the fixing of a canonical list was almost certainly the achievement of the Hasmonean dynasty.'” Well, he cannot be right. The difference between 168 and 140 is 28 years which is not enough time for this forged book to gain acceptance in the Jewish community. Moreover, the “Hasmonean dynasty” is practically synonymous with the Maccabees
The Maccabees (/ˈmækəˌbiːz/), also spelled Machabees (Hebrew: מכבים or מקבים, Maqabim; Latin: Machabaei or Maccabaei; Greek: Μακκαβαῖοι, Makkabaioi), were a group of Jewish rebel warriors who took control of Judea, which at the time was part of the Seleucid Empire. They founded the Hasmonean dynasty, which ruled from 167 BCE to 37 BCE, being a fully independent kingdom from about 110 to 63 BCE. They reasserted the Jewish religion, partly by forced conversion, expanded the boundaries of Judea by conquest and reduced the influence of Hellenism and Hellenistic Judaism. —Wikipedia, Maccabees
It is highly unlikely that a forged book could have been canonized at this time. In fact, the thought that the Book of Daniel, which was written sometime after 168 BC could have survived the scrutiny of orthodox Jews at this particular time in history and been canonized by the Hasmonean dynasty was for me initially preposterous. Then I came across this passage in Wikipedia.
The Hasmonean bureaucracy was filled with men with Greek names, and the dynasty eventually became very Hellenized, to the annoyance of many of its more traditionally-minded Jewish subjects. Frequent dynastic quarrels also contributed to the view among Jews of later generations that the latter Hasmoneans were degenerate. One member of this school was Josephus, whose accounts are in many cases our sole source of information about the Hasmoneans. —Wikipedia, Hasmonean dynasty
(I included the last sentence in this quote for a very specific reason I will return to momentarily.) So let’s say it was remotely possible. The problem then is that Antiochus IV Epiphanes would not be acting on his own, any more than he would have defied Popilius and marched on Alexandria. The progeny of Jove have long ago morphed into the Roman elite. And planting the Book of Daniel in the Hebrew Bible is not something they would have entrusted to this madman.
After more than 100 years of Jewish independence under this Hasmonean dynasty, Roman rule is established when Pompey conquers Jerusalem in 63 BC. This is followed by Herod the Great’s Siege of Jerusalem in 37 BC.
Tired…general logic is to look for first break with history (or last accurate “prophecy”) which may be the latest date before which it could be canonized
Most readers of the Holy Bible have a good feel for what it was like in Jerusalem at this time because of the familiar stories of King Herod negotiating with the Jewish Rabis
SLOW DOWN WE NEED TO FULLY ANSWER THE QUESTION WHY. REVELATION WAS PLANTED FOR THE MISDIRECTION IN THE END TIMES. WHY WAS DANIEL PLANTED? MERELY TO ENCODE THE CHECKSUM? IS THAT REALLY ENOUGH?
The fact that jews were divided into different groups throughout the second-temple period must be remembered. How far any canonical decision would have been effective would have depended on the extent of authority possessed by those who made the decision. Their authority may not have covered all Jews, whether in the land of Israel or in the diaspora. —From Revelation to Canon: Studies in the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Literature, James C. Vanderkam, 2002, “Revealed Literature in the Second Temple Period“p. 3
- Samaritans: The Samaritan Bible includes only the Torah.
70 CE, when Jewish civilization was faced with an existential threat.
The “Council of Jamnia” is a Myth
According to the Wikipedia Council of Jamnia page, Heinrich Graetz proposed this theory in 1871.
Westminster Theological Journal 38.4 (Spr. 1976) 319-348.
The real value of the “council of Jamnia” myth is in the suggestion that the Writings canon was not closed at the time. James C. Vanderkam says as much in Revelation to Canon: Studies in the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Literature, “Revealed Literature in the Second Temple Period:”
…J.P. Lewis, S.Z. Leiman, and R. Beckwith have pulverized the thesis that a “council” of Jamnia/Yavneh closed the third and final division of the canon. The details of the arguments regarding Jamnia need not detain us; suffice it to say that our few sources for the academy at Yavneh and its deliberations indicate that of the Writings the status of Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes alone was discussed. In addition, the discussions appear not to have centered about whether to admit these books to the canon; the issue was whether they should remain in the canon. This scholarly group, the extent of whose authority is unknown, in all likelihood did not close the canon. —Vanderkam, p. 11-12 [bold-red emphasis added]
Thus if we can date the supposed council at Jamnia, we have a date at which we can say that the books included in the Writings (which inclused Daniel) are still open for debate. Here are a collections of quotes that suggest a date
Based on these, and a few similar references, Heinrich Graetz concluded in 1871 that there had been a Council of Jamnia (or Yavne in Hebrew) which had decided the Jewish canon sometime in the late 1st century (c. 70–90). —Wikipedia, Council of Jamnia. [bold-red emphasis added. The citation for this sentence is a German work to which I do not have access.]
The Threefold Division of Jewish Scripture
Recommended Reading: From Revelation to Canon: Studies in the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Literature, James C. Vanderkam, 2002, “Revealed Literature in the Second Temple Period”
And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
It was either called “the Other Books,” or “the Remaining Books,” or “the Writings,” even “the Holy Writings.” It became common to identify this Third Division by the name of the book which introduced it — the Book of Psalms. There was nothing odd in using this procedure from the Jewish point of view because they customarily named the Book of Genesis by the first Hebrew word that introduced it. This was also true of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and even the Book of Lamentations. There can be little doubt that Christ was referring to the whole of the Third Division (all eleven books) when He made His reference to the Psalms.
Vanderkam also agrees that “psalms could refer to the third division of the Hebrew Bible.” Regarding Luke 24:44, he specifically says,
Here again a tripartite division is enunciated, with the third being called “psalms”. This could refer to the book of that name or possibly it is a cover term for a section of the scriptures that is not further defined. The intention of the saying seems to be inclusive: the entire scriptures testify to Jesus and are fulfilled in him. [both quotes from page 7, bold-red emphasis added]
(1) “The Law, the Prophets, and Others of like kind.” (2) “The Law, the Prophets and the Other Books.” (3) “The Law itself, and the Prophets, and the Remaining Books.” Ecclesiasticus, Prologue 1:1
the unanimous opinion of early Jewish scholars expressed conviction that the Old Testament scriptures had been selected and placed in an official order by Ezra the priest (with the help of Nehemiah) in the 5th century B.C.E.
—From Revelation to Canon: Studies in the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Literature, James C. Vanderkam, 2002, Revealed Literature in the Second Temple Period, p.
For rabbinic assessment up to the 17th century of our era we can quote Humphrey Prideaux:
“He [Ezra] collected together all the books of which the holy scriptures did then consist, and disposed them in their proper order, and settled the canon of scripture for his time. These books he divided into three parts: first, the Law; secondly, the Prophets; and thirdly, the Ketubim or Hagiographa, i.e. the Holy Writings; which division our Saviour himself takes notice of in Luke 24:44.” —Connection of the Old and New Testaments, Humphrey Prideaux, vol. I. (London: 1858), pp.318–319
Vanderkam on the threefold divisions in Prologue to Ecclesiasticus…
Ketuvim, (Hebrew), English Writings, Greek Hagiographa, the third division of the Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament. Divided into four sections, the Ketuvim include: poetical books (Psalms, Proverbs, and Job), the Megillot, or Scrolls (Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations of Jeremiah, Ecclesiastes, and Esther), prophecy (Daniel), and history (Ezra, Nehemiah, and I and II Chronicles).
The Writings in the Protestant Old Testament are organized differently than the Ketuvim because it is based on the Septuagint in which the
The Hebrew canon has three divisions: the Torah (Law), the Neviʾim (Prophets), and the Ketuvim (Writings). The Septuagint has four: law, history, poetry, and prophets, with the books of the Apocrypha inserted where appropriate. This division has continued in the Western church in most modern Bible translations, except that in Protestant versions the Apocrypha are either omitted or grouped separately.
The Oldest Extant Copies of the Book of Daniel
The Septuagint is of no use in studying the origins of the book of Daniel, but it seemed prudent to at least discuss why this is so in that the Septuagint is the oldest extant copy of the Bible. I removed the discussion to a subsection. I think it should be read for the sake of completeness.
Before the Qumrān scrolls were found, the oldest extant copy of the Book of Daniel was the Septuagint.
The Septuagint (from the Latin: septuāgintā literally “seventy”, often abbreviated as LXX and sometimes called the Greek Old Testament) is the earliest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures from the original Hebrew. —Wikipedia, Septuagint
The three oldest surviving copies of the Septuagint are known as the Great uncial codices. They are the Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus. Codex is just another name for very old handwritten books as opposed to the scrolls they replaced. In this context, a codex is best thought of as a larger collection of writings such as the Old Testament or the entire Bible, whereas the term manuscript is usually reserved for handwritten copies of individual books within these larger collections, such as the Book of Daniel. The distinction is primarily between handwritten copies versus printed books, with a codex or manuscript implying antiquity. The term uncial refers to a particular style of handwriting that uses only capital letters. I usually think of it as old German writing. In fact, I have a very old German Bible written in the uncial script.
It is not known when the Greek Septuagint was translated from the original Hebrew text which is now lost to history. If that date were known, it would be more relevant to this discussion than the date of surviving copies.
Another legend holds that the translators were sent to Alexandria by Eleazar, the chief priest at Jerusalem, at the request of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246 BCE), though its source, the Letter of Aristeas, is unreliable. Despite the tradition that it was perfectly translated, there are large differences in style and usage between the Septuagint’s translation of the Torah and its translations of the later books in the Old Testament. —Encyclopedia Britannica, Septuagint
Our discussion of the Septuagint ends abruptly with the fact that all three of these codices were written after the time of Constantine the Great, which is to say, after the Roman bastardization of Christianity during which time the Book of Revelation was planted in the New Testament, which makes them entirely unreliable for the purpose of understanding how the very same progeny of Jove planted the Book of Daniel in the Writings of what became the Old Testament for Christians. In fact, there is some speculation that one or more of these codices may be surviving copies of the which Emperor Constantine used to cement the place of Revelation in the Christian canon.
The Only New Testament Reference to Daniel
There are only two references to Daniel in the New Testament. One is in Matthew and the other in Mark. In Matthew 24:15-18, Christ Jesus references the Book of Daniel when he says:
When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. [emphasis added]
And in Mark 13:14-16, the same saying was recorded as follows:
But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judæa flee to the mountains: and let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: and let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.
Here is an Interesting new translation from http://www.2001translation.com/MATTHEW.htm, which claims to be non-denominational:
So when you see the disgusting destroyer that was spoken of through the Prophet Daniel standing in the Holy Place (let the reader pay attention to this), those [who are living] in Judea should flee to the mountains! The man who is standing on his roof shouldn’t go down to remove things from his house, and the man who is standing in his field shouldn’t [go back home] to get his clothes.
There are many “signs” of the end times in Matthew 24, but none is more important than this one. Why? Because it is the last one given before Christ Jesus says to “flee into the mountains.” His use of “flee” and the deliberately exaggerated urgency of the last two sentences could not be any clearer. This is the last sign before the end. It is therefore profoundly important to understand the real meaning of the phrase “abomination of desolation.” I can assure you, it does not mean what you think.
Vaticinium ex eventu in the Book of Daniel
If the book is a plant by the progeny of Jove, the author most assuredly would have known the Egypt would be under Roman control for the foreseeable future. The stuff he got wrong does not date the writing. This is a mistaken belief no one else will understand.
As we see in Daniel 7:2–11:39, especially Daniel 11, the Book of Daniel utilizes vaticinium ex eventu, by its seeming foreknowledge of events from Alexander’s conquest up to the persecution of Antiochus IV in the summer of 164 BCE. However, Daniel knows neither about the re-dedication of the Temple (1 Maccabees 4:52–54) nor about Antiochus’ death, both of which happened late in November and December of 164 BCE. Therefore, Daniel 11:40–12:3 is no longer vaticina ex eventu but genuine predictive prophecy. Modern scholarship considers the stories of the first half legendary in origin, and the visions of the second the product of anonymous authors in the Maccabean period (2nd century BCE). Its inclusion in Ketuvim (Writings) rather than Nevi’im(Prophets) was likely because it appeared after the canon for those books had closed, and the dominant view among Jews and scholars is that Daniel is not in any case a prophetic book but an apocalypse. However, in the Christian canon Daniel is listed under the Major Prophets. —Wikipedia, Vaticinium ex eventu
References to Jeremiah
Significant Parallels between the Books of Daniel and Revelation
The main parallels I see between these two books are the historical sloppiness of the Book of Daniel and the inconsistent character of Christ Jesus as presented in the Book of Revelation in comparison to the rest to the New Testament. I believe both the historical sloppiness and the inconsistent character of Christ Jesus are faint echoes of the contempt the progeny of Jove feel for religion. They are planting these books in Jewish and Christian canons and cannot be bothered to exercise even this minimalist level of care. This very same contempt for humanity can be seen in the sloppiness of the faked moon landings and false flag attack of September 11, 2001 (9/11).
Correcting Some Historical Discrepancies
Nebuchadnezzar is Antiochus Epimames (Antiochus the Madman)
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
…the name Nebuchadnezzar contains a disguised reference to Antiochus to those acquainted with Hebrew numbering. The Babylonian king of 605 – 562 BCE was in fact called nabu-kuddurri-usur which should be transliterated into Hebrew script as NeuchadRezzar (as it is in eg. Jeremiah 46:2, 39:11). The change of that one letter gives this name the same numerical value in Hebrew (which had no separate numbers and so used letters to represent numbers) as the name Antiochus Epiphanes. This is too coincidental to be accidental and too contrived to be miraculous. —Westminster College, The Dating of the Book of Daniel, no date, unattributed, accessed February 17, 2019
Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard, saying,
against Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh-necho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
A hidden theme in the Book of Daniel is Roman ascendancy over the Hellenistic world. The progeny of Jove have morphed from the ancient Greeks into the Roman Elite by the time this book is written.
At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter. For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.
The “ships pf Chittim” is a veiled reference to Popillius Laenas’ fleet. Anybody who thinks this is prophesy is nuts. This history of the Secludian Empire is being written after the fact. The story is interesting because I am quite sure it provides an etymology for the expression “to draw a line in the sand.” Here is the complete Gaius Popillius Laenas page in Wikipedia.
Gaius Popillius Laenas
Gaius Popillius Laenas (the alternative spellings Popilius and Laena are fairly common) twice served as one of the two consuls of the Roman Republic, in 172 and 158 BC. His name indicates he was of the gens Popilia; the Latin plural of Laenas is Laenates.
He was sent as an envoy to prevent a war between Antiochus IV Epiphanes of the Seleucid Empire and Ptolemaic Egypt. On being confronted with the Roman demands that he abort his attack on Alexandria, Antiochus played for time; Popillius Laenas is supposed to have drawn a circle around the king in the sand with his cane, and ordered him not to move out of it until a firm answer had been given. The Syrians withdrew. According to Livy,
After receiving the submission of the inhabitants of Memphis and of the rest of the Egyptian people, some submitting voluntarily, others under threats, [Antiochus] marched by easy stages towards Alexandria. After crossing the river at Eleusis, about four miles from Alexandria, he was met by the Roman commissioners, to whom he gave a friendly greeting and held out his hand to Popilius. Popilius, however, placed in his hand the tablets on which was written the decree of the senate and told him first of all to read it. After reading it through, he said he would call his friends into council and consider what he ought to do. Popilius, stern and imperious as ever, drew a circle round the king with the stick he was carrying and said, “Before you step out of that circle give me a reply to lay before the senate.” For a few moments he hesitated, astounded at such a peremptory order, and at last replied, “I will do what the senate thinks right.” Not till then did Popilius extend his hand to the king as to a friend and ally. Antiochus evacuated Egypt at the appointed date, and the commissioners exerted their authority to establish a lasting concord between the brothers, as they had as yet hardly made peace with each other. Ab Urbe Condita, xlv.12.
Polybius, the Greek historian of the Hellenistic Period, added more nuanced detail in his major work, The Histories, which covered the period of 264–146 BC in detail:
At the time when Antiochus approached Ptolemy and meant to occupy Pelusium, Caius Popilius Laenas, the Roman commander, on Antiochus greeting him from a distance and then holding out his hand, handed to the king, as he had it by him, the copy of the senatus-consultum, and told him to read it first, not thinking it proper, as it seems to me, to make the conventional sign of friendship before he knew if the intentions of him who was greeting him were friendly or hostile. But when the king, after reading it, said he would like to communicate with his friends about this intelligence, Popilius acted in a manner which was thought to be offensive and exceedingly arrogant. He was carrying a stick cut from a vine, and with this he drew a circle round Antiochus and told him he must remain inside this circle until he gave his decision about the contents of the letter. The king was astonished at this authoritative proceeding, but, after a few moments’ hesitation, said he would do all that the Romans demanded. Upon this Popilius and his suite all grasped him by the hand and greeted him warmly. The letter ordered him to put an end at once to the war with Ptolemy. So, as a fixed number of days were allowed to him, he led his army back to Syria, deeply hurt and complaining indeed, but yielding to circumstances for the present. Popilius after arranging matters in Alexandria and exhorting the two kings there to act in common, ordering them also to send Polyaratus to Rome, sailed for Cyprus, wishing to lose no time in expelling the Syrian troops that were in the island. When they arrived, finding that Ptolemy’s generals had been defeated and that the affairs of Cyprus were generally in a topsy-turvy state, they soon made the Syrian army retire from the country, and waited until the troops took ship for Syria. In this way the Romans saved the kingdom of Ptolemy, which had almost been crushed out of existence: Fortune having so directed the matter of Perseus and Macedonia that when the position of Alexandria and the whole of Egypt was almost desperate, all was again set right simply owing to the fact that the fate of Perseus had been decided. For had this not been so, and had not Antiochus been certain of it, he would never, I think, have obeyed the Roman behests. Polybius, The Histories, Fragments of Book XXIX, published in Vol. VI of the Loeb Classical Library edition, 1922-1927
This theme of Roman ascendancy was captured in the chapter and verse numbering of the books of Daniel and Revelation. There are 357 verses in the Book of Daniel and 404 in the Book of Revelation. The difference is 404 – 357 = 47, which is the number for Mars, the Roman god of war.
The 47-year cycle of Mars: after 47 years – 22 synodic periods of 780 days each – Mars returns to the same position among the stars and is in the same relationship to the Earth and Sun. The ancient Mesopotamians discovered this cycle. — Wikipedia
The more I study the progeny of Jove the less patience I have for people who think things like this are “confirmation bias.” This practice is deeply rooted in the mindset of the progeny of Jove and continues to the very day.
The nuclear weapons tests of the United States were performed between 1945 and 1992 as part of the nuclear arms race. The United States conducted around 1,054 nuclear tests by official count, including 216 atmospheric, underwater, and space tests. — Wikipedia
1992 – 1945 = 47 years. Both of these quotes are from the 216 Above Ground Nuclear Tests starting 216 years after 1776 section of the № 73. Sacred Number 216 page. If you have doubts, you should also read Chapter and Verse Numbers in the Holy Bible. That section is an invaluable lesson on how far the progeny of Jove are willing to go in order to sign their work with numbers.
While on the subject of chapter and verse numbering, I feel compelled to say something about the former also. I have always wondered why there are 22 chapters in the Book of Revelation. Until I find a more compelling reason, I would not that the difference between 12 and 22 chapters could have been intended as a sequencing of the two books. Ignoring the two, Daniel is 10 and Revelation is 20. It’s not a compelling argument, but is noteworthy. Frankly, I expect to eventually find a more compelling reason for the number of chapters in Revelation.
The Divine Comedy
The divine comedy is that all of the insanity that grips modern Christians, the rapture, tribulation, pre-tribulation, premillennialism, mid-tribulational premillennialism, prewrath, partial pre-tribulation pre-millennialism, post-tribulation rapture, postmillennialism, amillennialism, millennial kingdom, etc., etc., etc., is fueled by the belief that the symbolic language used in these esoteric works is the God speaking to mankind.
EVERYTHING BELOW HERE FROM OLD PAGE…
This page is deceptively simple. So is truth. Were I to stack all the books, magazine articles, and websites written about this subject, they would reach the moon. I have written less than 1,500 words. It is my belief that the Book of Daniel encodes an exact year that is in perfect agreement with the Maya Long Count calendar. There was a time when this meant everything to me. I see it now as just one of many “end times markers.” They are not exact. They are just the ancients screaming at us to stay alert because we are living in the end times.
I mean no disrespect, but the warnings of the ancients are what I call “end times markers.” They are not exact. And now we must accept at least the possibility that they have been partially or fully negated by either altering of the year in which Christ Jesus was born or altering history itself by making changes to the Anno Domini timeline. I have yet to begin even seriously researching this possibility, but I am collecting references at the top of the № 34. The Problem with Time page.
arge blocks of time have
The third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah
Here is the first sentence in the Book of Daniel.
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.
There are two parts to this sentence Exactly what year this opening sentence of the Book of Daniel represents is more contentious than I originally thought. Secular historians favor 587 BC, including the Siege of Jerusalem (587 BC) article in Wikipedia, or to a lessor extent 586 BC. Christians favor 607 BC and to a lessor extent 606 BC. My take on something like this is that one must always be suspect of the secular historians misdirecting thought away from anything that might point to the actual year of the event. That may sound paranoid, but from where I am standing the extend to which the Progeny of Pythagoras is willing to go to misdirect and distract us at this point in time includes the possibility of nuclear war.
Pythagoras predates Christianity
It is important to realize that the secret societies, in particular the Pythagoreans, were alive and well long, long before the man we refer to as Christ Jesus was born. Then as now, knowledge of the coming destruction of the world was highly guarded information.
If you do not understand that Christ Jesus was constrained in what he could say about the end time then you do not understand his reality. Christ Jesus at one time says his words will always be with us and at the same time is careful not to be too specific in what he says about the end time. He knew that if he went too far in warning the people that in the intervening two thousand years the secret societies would only make greater efforts to destroy or mutilate his teachings. This is why the average person has no idea that he is a man of science. Matthew 24 is some of the most subtle communication in the whole of the Bible. Even given his careful choice of words, “and the winters will be severe” was stripped from Luke 21:11 in all but Lamsa’s translation of the Aramaic. I would go as far as to say that Christ Jesus gave his life so that he might draw our attention to the Book of Daniel and thereby know when to expect the end.
Christ Jesus’ use of “abomination of desolation” is what I call a “tag phrase.” When I am searching for an electronic copy of a document online, I select an unusual combination of words from the text of the document (the tag phrase) and then enter this into Google using parentheses. It is a flawless way of finding things online.
Here are the closing words of that book (Daniel 12:8-13 in the AKJV):
And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand. And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days. [emphasis added]
Christ Jesus knows the Book of Daniel is apocalyptic. He knows his followers in the end time would be trying to decipher the meaning of Daniel. He is using the tag phrase “abomination of desolation” to point to this specific series of numbers at the end of the book. Countless books, magazine articles, and websites have written about this subject, but they all create a convoluted reality in which we are asked to jump through hoops to believe the encoded year in which to expect the “Day of the Lord.” It took me one evening to see through all this nonsense. One evening. I knew as in all things, the truth is always simple. Likewise, the math in the Book of Daniel is very simple.
Here is an interesting quote from A Testimony of Jesus Christ – Volume 2: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation
This somewhat validates my theory that Christ Jesus was using “abomination of desolation” as a tag phrase to point to the end of the Book of Daniel.
The Math is Simple
So let’s just add these two numbers referenced at the close of Daniel (1290 + 1335). Their sum is 2625. Suppose those are just years? Could it be that simple?
and knew it was spoken of the world over even in ancient times and that it was the intellectual masterpiece of all time.
You really must pull this out of the realm of the abstract and make it real. If mat some point over the past two thousand years they finally
The Prophet Daniel is using Maya Long Count Calendar predates the Book of Daniel
So what does all this mean? The answer to that question is also very simple. The author of the Book of Daniel knew the correct end date of the Mesoamerican (Mayan) Long Count calendar. This is critical to your understanding of the Bible; the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar predates the writing of both the Book of Daniel (which scholars generally agree was sometime in the second century BC) and the New Testament. After Venus and Mars assumed their current orbits centuries before these books were written, the new solar system configuration was studied all over the world. This is what led to the discovery that the Earth would be subject to another axial tilt and the subsequent development of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar to mark the year. That calendar is very, very old, most probably dating back to around 600 to 700 BC.Christ Jesus obviously learned about all of this either while in Egypt or while traveling around the world during the missing 18 years of his life.
Why 1290 and 1335?
But why divide the number of years into 1290 and 1335, besides the obvious answer to obfuscate their intended use? I wish I had a stronger feeling about this. To be honest, it bothers me somewhat. What I see is that dividing 1290, the first of the two numbers, by the orbital period of Jupiter of 11.8618 years (critical to the design of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar), yields a whole number answer of the most sacred of sacred numbers, 108. As can be seen in the design of the calendar, there is no other number that is more representative of cycles of destruction than this number.
This would mean that 1335 is simply a remainder. If this is the correct interpretation of the data, then 1290 and 1335 subtly encode a reference to the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar and by extension to cycles of destruction. It’s admittedly something of a stretch, but Daniel too was constrained in what he could say about the end time. Thus all the misdirection between the date at the start of the book and the years that must be added to it at the end of the book. Setting up an equation that yielded a more exact result was potentially problematic. See also Cycles of Destruction.
On this page, I do not use the terms Biblia Hebraica, (pretentiously Latin), Hebrew Bible (offensively Christian), of Tanakh to refer to the canonized Jewish texts. I do not like the acronym TaNaKh because it is clear to me that the Masoretic Text was adulterated in the worst possible way. This is discussed in the The Biblical Deluge (650 years off) section of the № 34. The Problem with Time page and in the The Genealogy in Genesis section of the № 37. 3100 BC, Genesis of the Fifth World page. The intensity or ferocity of resentment I feel toward the Rabbinic Judaism for this change in the sacred texts is unnatural and closely related to the discussion in the How Close are We to the End? section of the № 23. End Times page. Instead I consistently referred to as the Mikra, or “Readings.”
Tanakh is an acronym of the first Hebrew letter of each of the Masoretic Text’s three traditional subdivisions: Torah (“Teaching”, also known as the Five Books of Moses), Nevi’im (“Prophets”) and Ketuvim (“Writings”)—hence TaNaKh. The books of the Tanakh were passed on by each generation and, according to rabbinic tradition, were accompanied by an oral tradition, called the Oral Torah. The three-part division reflected in the acronym “Tanakh” is well attested in the literature of the Rabbinic period.
During that period, however, “Tanakh” was not used. Instead, the proper title was Mikra (or Miqra, מקרא, meaning “reading” or “that which is read”) because the biblical texts were read publicly. Mikra continues to be used in Hebrew to this day, alongside Tanakh, to refer to the Hebrew scriptures. In modern spoken Hebrew, they are interchangeable. —Wikipedia, Hebrew Bible
Mikra, I believe, is the historically correct term for referring to the Jewish canon.
First Principle: We know better what was done with Revelation. Assume similarities and work backwards; not all at once…history added later…why multiple language…why do Catholics have more text?